نتایج جستجو برای Social Capital

تعداد نتایج: 328263  
2014
Spencer Moore, Steven Stewart, Ana Teixeira,

BACKGROUND Research has shown network social capital associated with a range of health behaviours and conditions. Little is known about what social capital inequalities in health represent, and which social factors contribute to such inequalities. METHODS Data come from the Montreal Neighbourhood Networks and Healthy Aging Study (n=2707). A position generator was used to collect network data ...

2011
Tim R. Wind, Maureen Fordham, Ivan H. Komproe,

BACKGROUND Despite national and international policies to develop social capital in disaster-affected communities, empiric evidence on the association between social capital and disaster mental health is limited and ambiguous. OBJECTIVE The study explores the relationship between social capital and disaster mental health outcomes (PTSD, anxiety, and depression) in combination with individual ...

2003
Nan Lin,

In the past two decades, social capital in its various forms and contexts has emerged as one of the most salient concepts in social sciences. While much excitement has been generated, divergent views, perspectives, and expectations have also raised the serious question : is it a fad or does it have enduring qualities that will herald a new intellectual enterprise? This presentation's purpose is...

Journal: :Social Networks 2004
Charles Kadushin,

I am baking a cake and have run out of sugar, but I can go to my neighbor next door to get some. It was worth being nice to that neighbor even though I did not particularly fancy her. Do I have to return the sugar? Maybe she can borrow my lawn mower the next time she needs to mow her lawn and that will count as a return of the favor. Maybe the value of the sugar is trivial enough not to require...

2011
Edward L. Glaeser, David Laibson, Bruce Sacerdote, Sam Bowles, Robert Haveman, Larry Katz, Stephen Machin, Robert Putnam, Stephen Weinberg,

A standard optimal investment model can be used to analyse an individual’s decision to accumulate social capital. We analyse six facts that support the predictions of this individualbased approach: (1) social capital first rises and then falls with age, (2) social capital declines with expected mobility, (3) social capital rises in occupations with greater returns to social skills, (4) social c...

2012
Takeo Fujiwara, Laura D. Kubzansky, Kenji Matsumoto, Ichiro Kawachi,

BACKGROUND Oxytocin is known to be related to social behaviors, including trust. However, few studies have investigated the association between oxytocin levels and social capital. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that endogenous oxytocin levels are positively associated with social capital. We also considered whether the association differed across gender because previous studies have shown diffe...

2006
Ann L. Owen,

Social capital has proven to be a useful concept, but has been ill-defined and not wellmeasured in the economics literature. We propose a different empirical method for measuring social capital, latent class analysis, based on the idea that social capital is an unobservable multidimensional construct. We explain and demonstrate the construction of latent classes that measure an individual’s soc...

Journal: :Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique 2006
Louise Bouchard, Anne Gilbert, Rodrigue Landry, Kenneth Deveau,

The goal of this article is to outline the analytical perspectives of the concept of social capital regarding health and health management. Social capital, as defined in terms of social networks and resources, has a positive impact on a number of areas, notably the health, well-being, and social and economic development of communities. It is also a useful tool for implementing social policy, es...

2006
Rainer Winkelmann,

Unemployment, Social Capital, and Subjective Well-Being It has been shown in past research that unemployment has a large negative impact on subjective well-being of individuals. In this paper, I explore whether and to what extent people with more social capital are sheltered from the harmful effects of unemployment. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel 1984-2004, I find that social c...

2009
Matthew Smith,

Online communities are connecting hordes of individuals and generating rich social network data. The social capital that resides within these networks is largely unknown. We propose to create a general framework for measuring and leveraging social capital based upon explicit social networks, implicit affinities, and the mobilization of social resources. The resulting quantitative models are use...

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