نتایج جستجو برای Social Capital

تعداد نتایج: 328263  
2017
Zafor Ahmed, Ahmed Alzahrani,

Social Capital is a relatively new and popular term in social science. It is being increasingly applied by researchers to tackle a broad range of phenomenon. Regardless of the wide applicability, the meaning of social capital is still hotly disputed, and its utility in scientific discourse is highly contested. Research findings contrary to social capitals theoretical prediction are key contribu...

Journal: :International journal of epidemiology 2005
Peter Razzell, Christine Spence,

history has a significant contribution to make in the debate about the role of social capital in shaping health patterns. They illustrate this by focusing on the impact of social welfare on mortality in Britain during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. While agreeing with the authors about the importance of history, we will present evidence to suggest different conclusions about the histo...

2008
Dirk Schindler,

We set up an OLG-model, where households both choose human capital investment and decide on investing their endogenous savings in a portfolio of riskless and risky assets, exposing them to (aggregate) wage and capital risks due to technological shocks. We derive the optimal public policy mix of taxation and education policy. We show that risks can be efficiently diversified between private and ...

2011
MATTHEW G. NAGLER, Robert D. Putnam,

I present evidence that social capital reduces traffic accidents and related death and injury, using data from a ten-year panel of 48 U.S. states. The econometric challenge is to distinguish the causal effects of social capital from bias resulting from its correlation with unobservable characteristics by state that influence road risks. I accomplish this by employing snow depth as an instrument...

2008
Luigi Guiso, Paola Sapienza, Luigi Zingales,

To explain the extremely long-term persistence (more than 500 years) of positive historical experiences of cooperation (Putnam 1993), we model the intergenerational transmission of priors about the trustworthiness of others. We show that this transmission tends to be biased toward excessively conservative priors. As a result, societies can be trapped in a low-trust equilibrium. In this context,...

2004
Kimberly Zheng,

I hereby declare that I am the sole author of this thesis. This is a true copy of the thesis, including any required final revisions, as accepted by my examiners. I understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public. The importance of social capital can be characterized by a well-known quote: " it's not just what you know, but whom you know". Firms with rich social cap...

Journal: :Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity 2016
J D Mackenbach, J Lakerveld, F J van Lenthe, I Kawachi, M McKee, H Rutter, K Glonti, S Compernolle, I De Bourdeaudhuij, T Feuillet, J-M Oppert, G Nijpels, J Brug,

We compared ecometric neighbourhood scores of social capital (contextual variation) to mean neighbourhood scores (individual and contextual variation), using several health-related outcomes (i.e. self-rated health, weight status and obesity-related behaviours). Data were analysed from 5,900 participants in the European SPOTLIGHT survey. Factor analysis of the 13-item social capital scale reveal...

2010
Neal A. Palmer, Douglas D. Perkins, Qingwen Xu,

In China, rapid development has prompted massive migration from rural to urban areas. Migrants’ participation in Urban Residents Committees (URCs) and other community organizations offers opportunities for the development of social capital and democracy in contemporary China. We use 2006 survey data from a stratified convenience sample of 3,024 migrant workers in 7 Chinese cities to examine ind...

2002
CARLES MUNTANER, JOHN LYNCH, GEORGE DAVEY SMITH,

The construct of social capital has recently captured the interest of researchers in social epidemiology and public health. We review current hypotheses on the social capital and health link, and examine the empirical evidence available as well as its implications for health policy. With regard to theory, we contend that the construct as currently employed in the public health literature, lacks...

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