نتایج جستجو برای Social Capital

تعداد نتایج: 328263  

Social Capital and Single Child in Employed Women Mojgan Firouzbakht1,2, Aram Tirgar 3*, Karimolah Hajian-Tilaki 4, Fatemeh Bakouei 5, Maryam Nikpour6 1PhD by research of Reproductive Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran. 2Department of Nursing- Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol...

2008
Christina Prell, John Skvoretz, Stephen Borgatti, Martin Everett, Richard Jenkins,

The concept of social capital, which has gained wide currency in the literature, examines how actors’ ties to others advantage or disadvantage them and the groups to which they belong. Two conceptually distinct types of social capital, closure and brokerage in Burt’s (2005) terms, have been identified. In this paper, we propose a method by which brokerage and closure can be distinguished using ...

2006
Benjamin A. Olken,

Over the last several decades, economists and other social scientists have paid increasing attention to the phenomenon known as “social capital,” the variety of social interactions, networks, and groups that link people in society together. Beyond describing the extent of these ties, there has been a vigorous debate as to whether social capital matters for everything from governance to growth t...

Journal: :New South Wales public health bulletin 2002
John Quiggin,

The structure of developed economies has changed radically in recent decades. As late as the 1960s, it was reasonable to describe the economy in terms of three stages of production: primary production—of agricultural and mineral raw materials; secondary production—a manufacturing industry that transformed raw materials into items of final consumption; tertiary production—a sector that provided ...

Journal: :Economics and human biology 2015
Damiano Fiorillo, Fabio Sabatini,

This paper presents the first empirical assessment of the causal relationship between social capital and health in Italy. The analysis draws on the 2000 wave of the Multipurpose Survey on Household conducted by the Italian Institute of Statistics on a representative sample of the population (n=46,868). Our measure of social capital is the frequency of meetings with friends. Based on IV and biva...

2000
John T. Durkin,

This paper assesses the quality of various micro level measures of social capital. It begins by examining a simple model of social capital accumulation in which households acquire social capital by devoting resources to forming relationships with other households. Through these relationships households acquire access to social resources which raises utility for any level of consumption. Tests o...

2012
Francis Dalisay, Jay D. Hmielowski, Matthew James Kushin, Masahiro Yamamoto,

This study explores the role of social capital in the spiral of silence process and investigates whether (1) individual-level indicators of social capital are associated with willingness to express opinions, (2) individual-level indicators of social capital are associated with the perception that others support one’s opinions, and (3) perceived support for one’s opinions mediates the proposed r...

2004
Volker G. Täube,

Several researchers (Burt, 1995; Marsden, 1982, 1983; Granovetter, 1973; Homans, 1951, 1974) have stressed the importance of actors who occupy strategic positions in social networks to explain aspects of diffusion processes in social structures: If contacts between two parties are only possible through a third party, the latter can be regarded as being in control of resource flows. Such transmi...

2005
Luke Keele,

Interest in social capital has grown as it has become apparent that it is an important predictor of collective well-being. Recently, attention has shifted to how levels of social capital have changed over time. But better measures are required to test even basic hypotheses such as establishing the direction of causality between the two components of social capital. In the following analysis, I ...

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