chapter i provides an overview of structural linguistics and touches upon the saussurean dichotomies with the final goal of exploring their relevance to the stylistic studies of literature. to provide evidence for the singificance of the study, chapter ii deals with the controversial issue of linguistics and literature, and presents opposing views which, at the same time, have been central to the development of linguistic approach to the study of the language of literature. chapter iii provides an overview of the functional taxonomy of language. included in the chapter are taxonomies provided by buhler, halliday and jakobson. the section dealing with jakobsons functional taxonomy of language is somewhat detaied due to the importance and comprehensive nature of his work. chapter iv touches upon the characteristic features of the language of literature in general and the language of poetry in particular. the chapter introduces the devices through which a literary writer distinguishes his language from the language of the man in the street. chapter v as the main body of the present work, presents the application of the theoretical notions discussed in the previous chapters to the turkish divan of shahriar, and provides a detailed account of the eight types of linguistically deviant structures explored in the divan. chapter vi provides in the form of diagrams the frequency of different types of deviant structures found in the divan. one diagram has been provides for each piece of poem analysed. further to this, a diagram has been provided which includes the frequency of the deviations in the whole divan. chapter vii summarizes the theoretical finding of the study and concludes with suggestions for further studies of similar kind in future.