this study aimed to investigate the effects of listening strategy training on iranian efl learners listening comprehension and use of such strategies. this work, employing an experimental methodology, was conducted among 60 adult efl learners from a language institute in isfahan, iran, as participants. the participants, who were selected based on the results of a placement test, were assigned to an experimental and a control group; each group consisted of 30 students with the same level of language proficiency. while the control group received no special treatment, students in the experimental group took part in a listening strategy training program for eight weeks, with two ninety-minute sessions each week. a listening comprehension test and a listening strategy use questionnaire used as both pre- and post-tests examined the students progress. the results revealed that the program had a positive effect on the experimental students listening comprehension and listening strategy use. in contrast, no considerable change was observed for the students in the control group. also, the strategies most accountable for the improvement of the students listening comprehension were identified and ranked based on their effectiveness. therefore based on the results obtained, it can be concluded that listening strategy training is much influential in promoting the students listening comprehension and developing the students communicative skills in real contexts of language use.