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Reza Jorvand Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Ilam University, Ilam.Iran.
lila Rezaei Department of Clinical, Health and treatment center of Dehloran,Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
Background: Various studies have reported the prevalence of low back pain in specific populations very differently. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of low back pain and related factors among the referees to health centers in Dehloran, Iran. Materials and methods: In this cross sectional study, two hundred and seventy three referees to health centers in Dehloran who aged between 20 to 45 years old and were satisfied to be studied were entered to the study after providing signed written consent form. The data were collected using the valid/ reliable researcher -made questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire has been obtained by inserting the experts' views in the questionnaire and the reliability was measured through cronbach's alpha which was calc...
Masomeh Seifi Zangeneh Department of Biology, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran
Maryam Rafieirad Department of Biology, Izeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Izeh, Iran
Background & Aim: Diabetes mellitus in long-term through various means such as augmented oxidative stress is associated with disturbances such as pain and cognition in humans and laboratory animals. According to the evidence of anti-diabetic extract of Biarum Bovei (BB), Effect of oral administration of this extract was evaluated on blood glucose level and pain threshold in diabetic rats. Experimental: Animals were divided into; Control (intact), diabetic (STZ 70 mg /kg) and diabetic group that received Biarum Bovei Extract (BBE) (50, 100, 200, 400, 800 mg/kg) for two weeks by gavage. Blood glucose was measured from tail blood, then performed tail filick test to measure pain threshold. The results were analyzed statistically through SPSS, One way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Diabetes led...
Ayoob Rostamzadeh Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
Masoud Amiri Social Health Determinants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
Background: Finding the safe location of spinal cord for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during surgical procedures is very important due to its various nature for each patient as well as its potential peripheral nervous system hazards. The aim of this study was to find the relationship between the location of conus medullaris (CM) and gender, age and body mass index (BMI) in order to minimize the potential diagnostic errors.Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with T1-weighted sagittal spin echo sequences of the lumbar spine was studied in 350 patients older than 20 years, whom had been referred for imaging in order to assess the potential causes of low back pain of the lumbar spine, and were referred to Shahid Chamran MRI center in Sanandaj, located in the west of Iran in 2014. The res...
Hamilton Wagner Curitiba Health System Physician, Curitiba, Brazil
The article analyzes literature problems using as a parameter the quaternary prevention concept, introducing guidelines to have good shared decisions that avoid overdiagnosis and overtreatment and improve the quality of life. The author proposes a four-step approach: reliable evidence, awareness about populations profile, independent research analysis, and an understandable format by ordinary people.
Anne Barnhill Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Katherine F. King Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
An active area of public health policy in the United States is policy meant to promote healthy eating, reduce overconsumption of food, and prevent overweight/obesity. Public discussion of such obesity prevention policies includes intense ethical disagreement. We suggest that some ethical disagreements about obesity prevention policies can be seen as rooted in a common concern with equality or with autonomy, but there are disagreements about which dimensions of equality or autonomy have priority, and about whether it is justifiable for policies to diminish equality or autonomy along one dimension in order to increase it along another dimension. We illustrate this point by discussing ethical disagreements about two obesity prevention policies.
Katherine King Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
Anne Barnhill Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada
Ali Olfati Ph.D. Students of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Gholamali Moghaddam Professors, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Thin ewes or very over-conditioned ewes and ewes carrying multiple pregnanciesare more likely to develop pregnancy toxemia (ketosis). Pregnancy toxemia is a metabolic disorder characterized by hypoglycemia and hyperketonemia resulting from incapacity of the ewes to maintain adequate energy balance (usually in the last 5-6 weeks).Available information about pregnancy toxemia focuses mainly on pathogenic mechanisms and clinical features, early diagnosis, and therapeutic options. However, the pathophysiology and metabolic changes of this disorder remain poorly understood. An immediate and accurate diagnosis usually increases the possibility for their successive treatment and prevention. The objective of this review was to increase awareness of the disease, its likely cause, and practical t...
Mahshid Talebi –Taher Infectious Disease Department, Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, School of Medicine,Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Seied Ali Javad–Moosavi Dept. Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Hydatid disease is endemic in some parts of the world. This disease can occur in any organ. We present a 22-year-old farmer who was suffering from hydatidosis for 4 years. He was admitted to the hospital because of fever, cough, and chest pain in 2004. A chest radiograph revealed multiple nodules in both of lungs. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed cystic lesion in the apex of right ventricle. IgG Ab ELISA for hydatid cyst was positive and albendazole was administrated. One year later, he was admitted to the hospital because of hemoptysis, a transthoracic lung biopsy was performed. Pathologic examination revealed laminated membrane of hydatid cyst in associated with fibrinoleukocytic exudates. Three years after the second admission, he was admitted to the hospital because of dyspne...
Firooz Hamzeh goshchi
In the present study, the effects of the acute and chronic oral administrations (po) of curcumin in the absence and presence of morphine and naloxone was investigated on the sensation of acute corneal pain in rats. Acute corneal pain was induced by the local application of hypertonic saline (5 M NaCl) on the corneal surface, and the number of eye wipes was then counted for 30 s. Subcutaneous (sc) injections of morphine (1, 2 and 4 mg/kg) significantly suppressed corneal pain (p
Somayeh Azami Assistant Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
The rapid and intensive progress in science and technology in the world, despite its abundant advantages and gifts of welfare and comfort for the mankind, in many ways, it has pushed human security to face grave tragic events. To give an example, the progress in chemistry before the Great War, made it possible to produce and use toxic gases including Phosgene gas causing enormous deaths of both military personnel and civilians. Another example in man’s progress in nuclear physics led to innovating nuclear bomb with no precedent and unheard of in terms of mass destruction and ruins. In turn, the international humanitarian law, despite its progress in recent decades, has had been slower than the development of aforementioned scientific progresses. Nonetheless, one should consider the poin...