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Tahereh Gholami Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.
Ahmad HeidariPahlavian Department of psychiatry, Hamedan university of medical sciences, Hamedan,Iran.
Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) represent one of the most frequently occurring and costly occupational issue in nursing. The nursing profession is one of the most stressful occupations today, because of the quantity and diversity of risk factors associated with the work environment. The aim of this study was to examine the relationshipbetweenburnout syndrome and musculoskeletal disorders. Methods and Material: In this cross-sectional study a questionnaire survey was carried out among 415 nursing personnel in five educational hospitals in Hamedan, Iran. Data were collected through two unnamed questionnaires including Maslach burnout inventory, visual analogue scale. Results: Statistical analysis showed that the most commonly painful regions among the nurses were lower b...
Solaimanizadeh Laleh PhD candidate of Health education and health promotion.Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Mojtaba jafar PhD candidate of Nursing Rehabilitation and Welfare science university, Tehran, Iran.
Background: Although CLBP rarely threatens the humans’ lives, those individuals suffering from such pain experience a variety of health-related problems and difficulties such as physical disability. This study aimed to determine the relationship between low back pain and physical disability among nurses working in Pastor Hospital of Bam, Kerman, Iran. Methods and Material: This cross sectional study was conducted among nurses and paramedics who suffering from chronic back pain and working in pastor hospital in Agu, 2015. Through randomly sampling, 120 eligible individuals were recruited of which 104 individuals were satisfied to enter to the study. The standard tools of Owsestry for physical disability status and Visual Analoug Scale (Vas) for measurements of pain intensity as well as...
Maryam Alighias Msc Graduated, Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran.
Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran.
Background: Chronic Low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most prevalent health problems which is affected by psychological disorders.The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of psychological intervention on chronic low back pain among a sample of Iranian nurses. Methods and Material: This is a randomized clinical trial. The participants of this study consisted of 84 nurses suffering from chronic back pain and working in Valiasr hospital, Tehran-Iran.The recruited nurses were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups (42 nurses in each group). The demographic questionnaire and Visual Analog Assessment scales (VAS) and a Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) were used to collect data at the beginning of the study and 3 months following completion of the intervention....
Reza Jorvand Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Ilam University, Ilam.Iran.
lila Rezaei Department of Clinical, Health and treatment center of Dehloran,Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.
Background: Various studies have reported the prevalence of low back pain in specific populations very differently. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of low back pain and related factors among the referees to health centers in Dehloran, Iran. Materials and methods: In this cross sectional study, two hundred and seventy three referees to health centers in Dehloran who aged between 20 to 45 years old and were satisfied to be studied were entered to the study after providing signed written consent form. The data were collected using the valid/ reliable researcher -made questionnaire. The validity of the questionnaire has been obtained by inserting the experts' views in the questionnaire and the reliability was measured through cronbach's alpha which was calc...
Samaneh Rahimipetroudia MSc Student, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Saeideh Ziaei MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Background: Low back pain is the most common cause of disability and absence from work among young and middle-aged people. As there is limited knowledge regarding this problem among Iranian students, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of low back pain and its ‘related sociodemographic factors among students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. Materials and Methods: Two hundred postmenopausal women (age between 51 and 69 years) who had presented to the nuclear medicine center at Shariati Hospital in Tehran, Iran between April 2012 and August 2013 were included in this cross sectional study. Of these 46 healthy women who met the study criteria constituted for evaluation. After recording weight and height of individuals, Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2) was calculated ...
Ali khaniJeihooni Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health ,Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa,Iran.
Alireza Hidarnia Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran.
Background:Osteoporosis is one of the most common metabolic bone diseases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of a walking education program based on the health belief model (HBM) on osteoporosis among women. Methods and Material In this quasi-experimental research design, 120 patients (60 experimental and 60 control),who were registered with the health centers in Fasa City, Fars Province, Iran,participated in the study conducted in 2014. A questionnaire consisting of demographic information andHBM constructs was used to measure walking performance for the prevention of osteoporosis pre-intervention, immediately after their intervention, and then six months later. Bone mineral density (BMD) was recorded at the lumbar spine and femur prior to and six months post-in...
Masomeh Seifi Zangeneh Department of Biology, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran
Maryam Rafieirad Department of Biology, Izeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Izeh, Iran
Background & Aim: Diabetes mellitus in long-term through various means such as augmented oxidative stress is associated with disturbances such as pain and cognition in humans and laboratory animals. According to the evidence of anti-diabetic extract of Biarum Bovei (BB), Effect of oral administration of this extract was evaluated on blood glucose level and pain threshold in diabetic rats. Experimental: Animals were divided into; Control (intact), diabetic (STZ 70 mg /kg) and diabetic group that received Biarum Bovei Extract (BBE) (50, 100, 200, 400, 800 mg/kg) for two weeks by gavage. Blood glucose was measured from tail blood, then performed tail filick test to measure pain threshold. The results were analyzed statistically through SPSS, One way ANOVA and Tukey's test. Diabetes led...
Ayoob Rostamzadeh Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
Masoud Amiri Social Health Determinants Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
Background: Finding the safe location of spinal cord for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during surgical procedures is very important due to its various nature for each patient as well as its potential peripheral nervous system hazards. The aim of this study was to find the relationship between the location of conus medullaris (CM) and gender, age and body mass index (BMI) in order to minimize the potential diagnostic errors.Methods: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with T1-weighted sagittal spin echo sequences of the lumbar spine was studied in 350 patients older than 20 years, whom had been referred for imaging in order to assess the potential causes of low back pain of the lumbar spine, and were referred to Shahid Chamran MRI center in Sanandaj, located in the west of Iran in 2014. The res...
Hamilton Wagner Curitiba Health System Physician, Curitiba, Brazil
The article analyzes literature problems using as a parameter the quaternary prevention concept, introducing guidelines to have good shared decisions that avoid overdiagnosis and overtreatment and improve the quality of life. The author proposes a four-step approach: reliable evidence, awareness about populations profile, independent research analysis, and an understandable format by ordinary people.
David Buchanan School of Public Health & Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA
The recent report by Barnhill and King about obesity prevention policy raises important issues for discussion and analysis. In response, this article raises four points for further consideration. First, a distinction between equality and justice needs to be made and consistently maintained. Second, different theories of justice highlight one additional important source of disagreement about the ethical propriety of the proposed obesity prevention policies. Third, another point of contention arises with respect to different understandings of the principle of respect for autonomy due to its often-mistaken equation with simple, unfettered freedom. Finally, based on a more robust definition of autonomy, the key issues in obesity prevention policies can be suitably re-framed in terms of whet...