Effects of parental larval diet on egg size and offspring traits in Drosophila
If a mother's nutritional status predicts the nutritional environment of the offspring, it would be adaptive for mothers experiencing nutritional stress to prime their offspring for a better tolerance to poor nutrition. We report that in Drosophila melanogaster, parents raised on poor larval food laid 3-6% heavier eggs than parents raised on standard food, despite being 30 per cent smaller. The...متن کامل
Transgenerational Effects of Parental Larval Diet on Offspring Development Time, Adult Body Size and Pathogen Resistance in Drosophila melanogaster
Environmental conditions experienced by parents are increasingly recognized to affect offspring performance. We set out to investigate the effect of parental larval diet on offspring development time, adult body size and adult resistance to the bacterium Serratia marcescens in Drosophila melanogaster. Flies for the parental generation were raised on either poor or standard diet and then mated i...متن کامل
the effects of high non fibrous carbohydrates diet on milk production, inflammation and molecular mechanism of innate immunity in lactating dairy cows
پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثر جیره حاوی کربوهیدراتهای غیرالیافی زیاد و بروز التهاب در گاوهای شیرده در دو آزمایش جداگانه انجام شد. در آزمایش اول 20 رأس گاو مبتلا به ورم پستان از دو گروه کم تولید و پرتولید (هر کدام 10 رأس) و 20 رأس گاو سالم از دو گروه کم تولید و پرتولید (هر کدام 10 رأس) انتخاب شدند. همه گاوها در دوره دوم و یا سوم شیردهی و در روزهای 80-120 پس از زایش بودند. میانگین تولید شیر در گروه...
Interspecific relationships between egg size and the level of parental investment per offspring in echinoderms.
The relationship between the size of an egg and its energy content was analyzed using published data for 47 species of echinoderms. Scaling relationships were evaluated for all species, as well as for subsets of the species, based on mode of development. Regressions were calculated using linear, power function, full allometric, and second-order polynomial models. The full allometric model is pr...متن کامل
on translation of politeness strategies in dialogues involving female characters in translations and retranslations of novels translated before and after the islamic revolution of iran and their effects on the image of women: a polysystem theory approach
abstract reception environment has considerable effects on accepting a translation. as the expectations of a target culture and its values and needs change throughout history, its criteria for accepting a translation or rejecting it will change accordingly (gentzler, 2001). the expectations of iran, as the reception environment in the present study, have changed after the islamic revolution. i...
عنوان ژورنال: Biology Letters