LAV/HTLV-III and HTLV-I Antibodies in Hemodialysis Patients
Natural antibodies in sera from Japanese individuals infected with HTLV-I do not recognize HTLV-III.
Seventy-one sera from Japanese individuals infected with human T cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) were examined for the presence of antibodies to HTLV-III by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and by a strip radioimmunoassay based on the Western blot technique. The sera were from 23 healthy carriers and from 48 patients, including 18 with smoldering adult T cell leukemia (ATL), 13 ...متن کامل
Sera from 50 Japanese hemophiliacs were screened for antibodies to human T-lymphotropic retrovirus types I and III (HTLV-I and -III). As a whole, antibody to HTLV-I, antibody to HTLV-III, and antibodies to HTLV-I and -III were detected in sera from 2, 17, and 6 hemophiliacs, respectively. Among them, two hemophiliacs developed acquired immunodeficiency syndrome who were positive for both antibo...متن کامل
Detection of anti-HTLV-I Tax antibodies in HTLV-I enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-negative individuals.
The HTLV-I tax gene protein (Tax) is not packaged within the mature viral particle from which the proteins for the commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) are derived. Screening of 162 individuals within a cohort of white intravenous (IV) drug abusers, previously identified as having an increased incidence of HTLV-I infection, demonstrated that seven of them had antibod...متن کامل
A human retrovirus--human T cell lymphotropic virus-III (HTLV-III)--has recently emerged as the probable cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In May 1984, 250 outpatients at a hospital in a remote area of eastern Zaire were surveyed for AIDS type illnesses and the prevalence of antibodies against HTLV-III determined by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay using disrupted whole HT...متن کامل
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV I), which has a worldwide distribution, is the first human retrovirus mainly to be associated with malignant diseases, such as adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma and bronchioloalveolar carcinoma. Tip II (HTLV II), a retrovirus having genomic homology with the HTLV I, has not been proven to be a pathogenic virus so far. Hepatitis C virus (HCV), an RNA vir...متن کامل
عنوان ژورنال: Nephron