sperm transport in the mare reproductive tract: a review
the objective of this study was to review the literature on sperm transport in the mare. during this process the sperm cells must reach the oviducts in order to fertilize the oocyte, but before reaching this site it must go through the uterus that is a hostile environment at this moment since there is an inflammatory reaction in this location that aims to eliminate excess spermatozoa and bacterial contaminants. sperm cells can be observed 30 minutes after artificial insemination and remain in the uterine tubes for at least 24 hours. it was found that the sperm cells can be observed in 62.6% of the mares after insemination when using light microscopy, both in the uterine glands and the epithelium of the uterus. uterine glands may act as a reservoir for sperm. after artificial insemination the number of mares with spermatozoa in the uterine epithelium, glands and utero-tubal junction decreases over time.
The objective of this study was to review the literature on sperm transport in the mare. During this process the sperm cells must reach the oviducts in order to fertilize the oocyte, but before reaching this site it must go through the uterus that is a hostile environment at this moment since there is an inflammatory reaction in this location that aims to eliminate excess spermatozoa and bacter...متن کامل
At coitus, human sperm are deposited into the anterior vagina, where, to avoid vaginal acid and immune responses, they quickly contact cervical mucus and enter the cervix. Cervical mucus filters out sperm with poor morphology and motility and as such only a minority of ejaculated sperm actually enter the cervix. In the uterus, muscular contractions may enhance passage of sperm through the uteri...متن کامل
A glimpse at sperm function in vivo: sperm transport and epithelial interaction in the female reproductive tract.
The process of sperm transport in the female reproductive tract is more than simply a migration of spermatozoa from the site of insemination to the site of fertilization. Rather, it is a complex and dynamic continuum that encompasses phases of sperm distribution within the tract, the accumulation of spermatozoa in reservoirs, the modulation of sperm physiology and acquisition of fertilization c...متن کامل
The ability to store sperm in the female genital tract is frequently observed in vertebrates as well as in invertebrates. Because of the presence of a system that maintains the ejaculated sperm alive in the female reproductive tract in a variety of animals, this strategy appears to be advantageous for animal reproduction. Although the occurrence and physiological reasons for sperm storage have ...متن کامل
Do sperm possess a molecular passport? Mechanistic insights into sperm selection in the female reproductive tract.
Most male mammals produce far more spermatozoa on a daily basis than is strictly necessary for reproduction and females have evolved mechanisms that prevent all but a small minority from reaching the vicinity of their oocytes. One potential explanation for the stringent selection is that females have developed these mechanisms as a way of avoiding polyspermy as well as exercising post-copulator...متن کامل
Queens of Acromyrmex leaf-cutting ants store sperm of multiple males after a single mating flight, and never remate even though they may live for decades and lay tens of thousands of eggs. Sperm of different males are initially transferred to the bursa copulatrix and compete for access to the long-term storage organ of queens, but the factors determining storage success or failure have never be...متن کامل