Biodegradation of Cyanobacterial Toxins
Water is an essential natural resource, necessary for drinking, agriculture and industrial activities, and providing the human population with safe drinking water is one of the most important issues in public health. Cyanobacteria produce toxins that may present a hazard for drinking water safety. These toxins are structurally diverse and their effects range from liver damage, including liver cancer, to neurotoxicity. Toxic cyanobacteria have been reported in lakes and reservoirs around the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) has set a provisional drinking water guideline of 1 μg/L for microcystin-LR, one of the most commonly occurring cyanotoxin worldwide .
Cyanobacteria are ubiquitous in nature and are both beneficial and detrimental to humans. Benefits include being food supplements and producing bioactive compounds, like antimicrobial and anticancer substances, while their detrimental effects are evident by toxin production, causing major ecological problems at the ecosystem level. To date, there are several ways to degrade or transform these t...متن کامل
The occurrence of the cyanobacterial toxin cylindrospermopsin (CYN) in freshwater reservoirs is a common phenomenon. However, the biodegradation of this toxin in environmental samples has been observed only occasionally. In this work the biodegradation ability of cylindrospermopsin was investigated based on isolates from lakes with previous cyanotoxin history. Bacterial strains were identified ...متن کامل
Bioreactor Study Employing Bacteria with Enhanced Activity toward Cyanobacterial Toxins Microcystins
An important aim of white (grey) biotechnology is bioremediation, where microbes are employed to remove unwanted chemicals. Microcystins (MCs) and other cyanobacterial toxins are not industrial or agricultural pollutants; however, their occurrence as a consequence of human activity and water reservoir eutrophication is regarded as anthropogenic. Microbial degradation of microcystins is suggeste...متن کامل
Biological degradation of cyanobacterial hepatotoxin microcystins in estuarine and coastal water samples from the Patos Lagoon estuarine system, a coastal lagoon situated at the southernmost region of Brazil, was observed. Samples of natural surface water were spiked with purified and semi-purified microcystins (MC-LR and [D-Leu(1)]MC-LR) and their concentrations were monitored by HPLC analysis...متن کامل
The purpose of this study was to investigate the growth and potential of crude oil biodegradation by Fischerella and Nostoc. In this study, the growth rate of cyanobacterial species such as Fischerella sp. ISC107 and Nostoc sp. ISC101 were determined using chlorophyll-a content measurement at 663nm under different treatments of crude oil (control, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8 and 1.6%). The crude oil con...متن کامل