Integrating Intelligent Agents into Human Teams
As the role of teams becomes more important in organizations, developing and maintaining high performance teams has been the goal of several researchers (Decker, Sycara, & Williamson 1997; Beyerlein, Johnson, & Beyerlein, 2001, Cannon-Bowers & Salas, 1998; McNeese, Salas & Endsley, 2001; Salas, Bowers, & Edens, 2001) . One major question is how to turn a team of experts into an expert team. Several strategies such as task-related cross training (Salas, Cannon-Bowers, & Johnson, 1997; CannonBowers and Salas, 1998) have emerged. In addition to traditional behaviorally-based methods for facilitating team development, advances in computer science and robotics are now allowing the introduction of artificial intelligence (sic; intelligent agents) into teamwork in a variety of roles and functions. This advent of agent technologies raises two questions: 1) what kinds of assistance can be provided and 2) what kinds of assistance prove beneficial. The reported research attempts to answer these questions through technology demonstrations to document what is possible and behavioral experiments to identify what may be helpful.
s require that information and resources from distributed ources be exchanged and fused because no one indivi, o dual or service has the collective expertise, information r resources required. We are at the beginning of a i major research program aimed at effectively incorporat ng intelligent agents into human teams. Our initial t i experiments use a low fidelity simulation of a targe dentifica...متن کامل
AbstRAct This chapter discusses the problem of agent aiding of ad-hoc, decentralized human teams so as to improve team performance on time-stressed group tasks. To see how human teams rise to the challenge, we analyze the communication patterns of teams performing a collaborative search task that recreates some of the cognitive difficulties faced by teams during search and rescue operations. Ou...متن کامل
Improving the believability in the interaction of synthetic virtual agents: Towards Personality in Group Dynamics
Resumo The interaction among humans and virtual agents should be provided for users like an experience as natural as possible. Considering the same perspective of interaction found in humans, researchers define Personality as a key role for believable interface in group dynamics. In this paper, we describe how much Personality is fundamental to generate individuality in humans, and so, in virtu...متن کامل
An agent-based emergent intelligence methodology is utilized to assemble agents into teams and assign distributed tasks to them in a dynamic environment. The application concerns the management of military missions that utilize intelligent munitions that are capable of searching, detecting, identifying, and attacking targets in a battlefield. The simulator follows a reactive, behavior-based des...متن کامل
From vacuum cleaners to medical assistant robots, autonomous agents are becoming increasingly common in real-world spacial settings where both people and machines are present. In this paper, we take initial steps towards understanding how these systems can coordinate with one another, even in situations where agents don’t know each other’s internal model of the world. Our work explores how team...متن کامل