Multidrug resistance associated proteins in multidrug resistance
Multidrug resistance proteins (MRPs) are members of the C family of a group of proteins named ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. These ABC transporters together form the largest branch of proteins within the human body. The MRP family comprises of 13 members, of which MRP1 to MRP9 are the major transporters indicated to cause multidrug resistance in tumor cells by extruding anticancer drugs out of the cell. They are mainly lipophilic anionic transporters and are reported to transport free or conjugates of glutathione (GSH), glucuronate, or sulphate. In addition, MRP1 to MRP3 can transport neutral organic drugs in free form in the presence of free GSH. Collectively, MRPs can transport drugs that differ structurally and mechanistically, including natural anticancer drugs, nucleoside analogs, antimetabolites, and tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Many of these MRPs transport physiologically important anions such as leukotriene C4, bilirubin glucuronide, and cyclic nucleotides. This review focuses mainly on the physiological functions, cellular resistance characteristics, and probable in vivo role of MRP1 to MRP9.
Molecular Investigation of Outer Membrane Channel Genes Among Multidrug Resistance Clinical Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Isolates
Background: Multidrug resistance Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MDRPA) is most important issue in healthcare setting. It can secrete many virulence effector proteins via its secretion system type (T1SS-T6SS). They are using them as conductor for delivering the effector proteins outside to begins harmful effect on host cell increasing pathogenicity, competition against other microorganism and nutrient ...متن کامل
Background: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is known to defeat most chemotherapies as one of the main anticancer strategies. The role of overexpression/overactivation of ABC transporters, especially P-glycoprotein (P-gp), in the development of chemotherapy has long been demonstrated. Salinispora is a marine actinomycete genus known for the production of novel bioactive metabolites. Methods: In this...متن کامل
Bacterial infections may cause disease and death. Infants and children are often subject to bacterial infections. Antimicrobials kill bacteria protecting the infected patients andreducing the risk of morbidity and mortality caused by bacteria. The antibiotics may lose their antibacterial activity when they become resistant to a bacteria. The resistance to different antibiotics in a bacteria is ...متن کامل
Expression of multiple cytochrome p450 enzymes and multidrug resistance-associated transport proteins in human skin keratinocytes.
Cytochrome P450 enzymes metabolize various endogenous and exogenous small molecular weight compounds. Transport-associated proteins, such as P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-associated protein and lung resistance protein are overexpressed in drug-resistant cell lines, as well as in human tumors from various histologic origins, including malignant melanoma. Little is known about the expressi...متن کامل
Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer in women. Chemotherapy is the main strategy in the treatment of this disease especially in the advanced form of the disease. Despite the recent progress in the development of new chemotherapy, the effectiveness of these drugs has dramatically reduced due to multidrug resistance. The phenotype of multidrug resistance (MDR) can occur through different me...متن کامل
Detection of Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase Producing Salmonella spp. and Multidrug Resistance Pattern
Background: and Objectives: Salmonella infections are endemic in many developing countries with poor sanitary conditions, but emerge sporadically as a serious public health threat in developed countries. Infections with multidrug resistant (MDR) strains of Salmonella have been associated with treatment failures. Salmonella spp. resistant to extended spectrum cephal...متن کامل