CA125 expression in spontaneous ovarian adenocarcinomas from laying hens.
OBJECTIVE Currently, there is not a fully characterized model for human ovarian cancer; however, 2- to 4-year-old laying hens spontaneously develop ovarian tumors. CA125 expression is a hallmark of ovarian cancer in women. The major objective of this study was to characterize the in vitro growth of avian ovarian tumor cells, and CA125 expression in avian ovarian tumors. METHODS Immunohistochemistry was employed to evaluate CA125 expression in avian ovarian tumor tissue. A high temperature antigen retrieval step was an essential part of the CA125 staining procedure. In vitro growth curves were constructed for avian ovarian cancer cells. Western blotting was used to estimate the size of the CA125 reactive protein and to confirm CA125 expression. RESULTS The growth of avian tumors in culture fits a sigmoidal curve for cell growth and suggests a cell cycle time of 28 h. The tumors taken from the chicken stained positive for CA125. Approximately 90% of cells isolated from avian ovarian tumors also stained positive for CA125. Western blots show a band of approximately 25 kDa when immunodetected with CA125. CONCLUSIONS Similar to human ovarian tumors, chicken ovarian tumors express CA125. Cultured chicken ovarian cancer cells express CA125 and CA125 expression does not appear to change with time in culture.
BACKGROUND Nutrition intake during growth strongly influences ovarian follicle development and egg laying in chicken hens, yet the underlying endocrine regulatory mechanism is still poorly understood. The relevant research progress is hindered by difficulties in detection of leptin gene and its expression in the chicken. However, a functional leptin receptor (LEPR) is present in the chicken whi...متن کامل
Background Dietary intake of lycopene has been associated with a reduced risk of ovarian cancer, suggesting its chemopreventive potential against ovarian carcinogenesis. Lycopene's molecular mechanisms of action in ovarian cancer have not been fully understood. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the effects of lycopene on the ovarian cancer formation using the laying hen model, a ...متن کامل
Interleukin 16- (IL-16-) Targeted Ultrasound Imaging Agent Improves Detection of Ovarian Tumors in Laying Hens, a Preclinical Model of Spontaneous Ovarian Cancer
Limited resolution of transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) scanning is a significant barrier to early detection of ovarian cancer (OVCA). Contrast agents have been suggested to improve the resolution of TVUS scanning. Emerging evidence suggests that expression of interleukin 16 (IL-16) by the tumor epithelium and microvessels increases in association with OVCA development and offers a potential targe...متن کامل
Effect of Epinephrine and Bromocriptine on Ovary Folliculogenesis and Productive Traits of Laying Hens
An experiment was conducted to study the effect of Epinephrine (EP) and bromocriptine (BR) on productive traits of laying hens. Thirty White Leghorn hens, 50 weeks old, were divided into three equal treatments (with 10 hens for each treatment): control, physiological serum (0.5 mL/hen/week), EP (0.5 mL/hen/week) and BR (100 g/kg of body weight (BW); w/v in absolute alcohol). Hens were injected ...متن کامل
Melatonin implantation improved the egg-laying rate and quality in hens past their peak egg-laying age
The egg-laying rates of hens approximately 470 days of age exhibited a positive correlation to blood melatonin levels. The hens with an egg-laying rate <30%, 30~90% and ≥90% had blood melatonin levels of 5.8 ± 2.6, 74.0 ± 32.9 and 445.9 ± 115.3 ng/ml, respectively. When 10 mg of melatonin was implanted into the hens at 300, 360, 470 and 550 days of age, the egg-laying rates increased 4.63 ± 0.4...متن کامل