A critical review of Salmonella Typhimurium infection in laying hens.
Salmonella Typhimurium has been reported to contaminate egg production across the world, but where Salmonella Enteritidis is endemic it is this latter serovar that dominates egg-borne salmonellosis. However, Salmonella Typhimurium is a major food-borne pathogen so it is important to understand how it can impact the microbiological safety of eggs and what serovar-specific control strategies may be appropriate in the future as control over Salmonella Enteritidis continues to improve. To that end, the present review examines the published literature on Salmonella Typhimurium in laying hens and eggs, with particular reference to comparative studies examining different serovars. Experimentally Salmonella Enteritidis is more often isolated from egg contents and seems to adhere better to reproductive tract mucosa, whilst Salmonella Typhimurium appears to provoke a more intense tissue pathology and immune response, and flock infections are more transient. However, it is observed in many cases that the present body of evidence does not identify clear differences between specific behaviours of the serovars Typhimurium and Enteritidis, whether in laying hens, in their eggs, or in the laying environment. It is concluded that further long-term experimental and natural infection studies are needed in order to generate a clearer picture.
Members of Salmonella enterica are frequently involved in egg and egg product related human food poisoning outbreaks worldwide. In Australia, Salmonella Typhimurium is frequently involved in egg and egg product related foodborne illness and Salmonella Mbandaka has also been found to be a contaminant of the layer farm environment. The ability possessed by Salmonella Enteritidis to colonize repro...متن کامل
Detection of experimental Salmonella enteritidis and S. typhimurium infections in laying hens by fluorescence polarization assay for egg yolk antibodies.
Identifying infected laying flocks is a critical component in efforts to prevent eggborne transmission of Salmonella enteritidis to humans. In the present study, egg yolk samples from experimentally infected chickens were tested for specific antibodies with a very rapid fluorescence polarization assay using tracers prepared from the O-polysaccharides of S. enteritidis and S. typhimurium and a c...متن کامل
Aerosol route enhances the contamination of intact eggs and muscle of experimentally infected laying hens by Salmonella typhimurium DT104.
Commercial laying hens were infected with Salmonella typhimurium DT104 strain 16 alternatively via the crop (10(7) cfu per bird) or by an aerosol delivered directly to the beaks using a Collison nebuliser and Henderson apparatus (2 x 10(2) or 2 x 10(4) cfu per bird). Infection by both routes caused systemic infection and prolonged contamination of faeces. Contamination rates of eggs and muscle ...متن کامل
It has been shown that induced molting by complete feed withdrawal increases Salmonella horizontal transfer in laying hens and contamination in eggs. Zinc-containing diets have been used as an alternative means to induce molt in laying as a management while avoiding feed withdrawal. It is not known if the zinc in these molt diets would inhibit Salmonella spp. growth and therefore potentially mi...متن کامل
Effects of prior coinfection with different Salmonella serovars on the progression of a Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis infection in hens undergoing induced molt.
Four trials were conducted to evaluate whether prior infection with Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium (S. typhimurium) or Salmonella enterica serovar muenchen (S. muenchen) would modify the severity or the transmission of Salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis (S. enteritidis) challenge in hens undergoing molt via feed withdrawal. Hens were separated into two groups where one group recei...متن کامل