Compliant Mechanism Synthesis for Shape-Change Applications: Preliminary Results
Most aircraft wings are optimized to produce minimum drag under one particular flying speed, while the flying speed actually varies continuously throughout flight. Although conventional hinged mechanisms can change the wing shape in response to the change in flying speed, the connecting hinges create discontinuities over the wing surface, leading to earlier airflow separation. In this paper, we propose a systematic approach to synthesize compliant mechanisms that can deform an initial curve into a target shape with a smooth boundary. As opposed to the two-step synthesis that separates the interrelated topology and dimensional aspects of a compliant mechanism, we propose an optimization model using a mixed-variable formulation that addresses both aspects simultaneously. The effectiveness of the shape change is evaluated using Fourier Descriptors (FDs), which capture the pure ‘shape’ differences between curves. Due to the discrete nature in the design variables, a Genetic Algorithm (GA) is employed to find the optimal solution. The preliminary results demonstrate the feasibility of simultaneously addressing the topology and dimensional aspects. They also indicate that the reference shape used for curve description can significantly affect the optimal solutions. This suggests that a more refined objective function is necessary to improve the effectiveness of the results.
This paper presents a linkage factors synthesis and multi-level optimization technique for bi-stable compliant mechanism. The linkage synthesis problem is modeled as multiple level factors and responses optimization problem with constraints. The bi-stable compliant mechanism is modeled as a crank slider mechanism using pseudo-rigid-body model (PRBM). The model exerts the large deflection of fle...متن کامل
Various compliant mechanism synthesis methods have been developed over the past decade; however, very little attention has been directed towards adaptive shape change problems. In this paper, we present a systematic method for synthesizing compliant mechanisms to morph a given curve or profile into a target curve utilizing minimum number of actuators (typically one). Two objective functions are...متن کامل
An automated design synthesis method is developed to design an airfoil with a reconfigurable shape, which can change from one type of geometry to another. A design synthesis method using unit truss approach and particle swarm optimization is presented. In the unit truss approach, unit truss is used as a new unit cell for mechanics analysis of cellular structures, including lightweight structure...متن کامل
Synthesis of shape morphing compliant mechanism is inherently different from typical single output design problems, due to the multiple output points along the morphing boundary. We have previously developed a genetic algorithm (GA) based synthesis approaches, incorporating a binary ground structure parameterization, to systematically design shape morphing compliant mechanisms. However, the app...متن کامل
The performance of many mechanical systems is directly related to the geometric shapes of their components, such as aircraft wings and antenna reflectors. While the shapes of these components are mostly fixed, incorporating shape morphing into these systems can increase the flexibility and enhance the performance. A synthesis approach for shape morphing compliant mechanism is presented in this ...متن کامل