Licensing by Modification 217 Licensing by Modification 1. Modification and Direction of Licensing 1. Modification and Direction of Licensing 1. Modification and Direction of Licensing 1. Modification and Direction of Licensing 1. Modification and Direction of Licensing

نویسنده

  • Veneeta Dayal
چکیده

This paper looks at the phenomena of licensing by modification, whereby an unacceptable noun phrase is redeemed by the presence of a modifier or an unavailable reading for a noun phrase is made available with the addition of a modifier. It argues that an optimal account of such phenomena should derive these effects from the interaction of the meanings of individual expressions in the sentence rather than by positing a formal licensing relation between the modifier and the noun it modifies. The general approach is explicated by considering the distribution of bare plurals in Italian and the availability of generic readings for plural definites in English. The overall goal is a modest one. It seeks to draw attention to properties of modification that go beyond set intersection by focusing on phenomena that have not so far been closely scrutinized in the literature. It uses the particular results to draw some conclusions about questions of general interest. 1. Modification and direction of licensing A good starting point for the semantics of modification is to consider its contribution to the denotation of the noun phrase that hosts it. In the sentences in (1), for example, we can take the intersective adjective Japanese, the relative clause who is from Japan and the common

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام کنید

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

The International Landscape of Medical Licensing Examinations: A Typology Derived From a Systematic Review

Background National licensing examinations (NLEs) are large-scale examinations usually taken by medical doctors close to the point of graduation from medical school. Where NLEs are used, success is usually required to obtain a license for full practice. Approaches to national licensing, and the evidence that supports their use, varies significantly across the globe. This paper aims to develop a...

متن کامل

Atelicity and Measure Phrases: Licensing Measure Phrase Modification Across AP, PP, and VP

At least with respect to the PP cases, this is a bit less familiar. The goal of this paper, apart from merely linking these two questions, is to give them the same (partial) answer: that Aktionsart restrictions imposed by a particular class of temporal adverbials are a special case of a more general restriction on measure-phrase modification, the Modification Condition of Winter (2001, 2005) an...

متن کامل

MATERNAL AND FETAL RISK FACTORS OF LICENSING THERAPEUTIC ABORTION BY ILAM LEGAL MEDICINE ORGANIZATION: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Background & Aims: Therapeutic abortion refers to the termination of pregnancy before the birth of a fetus to maintain maternal health or fetal diseases. Increased awareness of the medical team and the community about permissible cases of therapeutic abortion can reduce the number of illegal abortions. The purpose of the present research was to determine the frequency of causes of therapeutic a...

متن کامل

Challenges and Prospects for Integrating the Assessment of Health Impacts in the Licensing Process of Large Capital Project in Brazil

Brazil was one of the first countries in Latin America to institutionalize a National Environmental Policy in 1981, including the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process of economic activities with anticipated impacts on the environment. Today, EIA practice in Brazil comes with a number of limitations: it is constrained by its environmental advocacy role; application is strongly oriented ...

متن کامل

Annotation Guidelines for Compound Noun Semantics

relation is one of the 10 relation labels defined in section 2. direction specifies the order of the constituent nouns in the chosen relation’s argument structure – in particular, direction will have the value 1 if the first noun in the compound (N1) fits in the first noun slot mentioned in the rule licensing the chosen relation, and will have value 2 if the second noun in the compound (N2) fit...

متن کامل

افزودن به منابع من


  با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی راحت تر خواهید کرد

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام کنید

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

عنوان ژورنال:

دوره   شماره 

صفحات  -

تاریخ انتشار 2005