Social Cohesion, Social Capital and the Neighbourhood

نویسندگان

  • Ray Forrest
  • Ade Kearns
چکیده

In current theoretical and policy debates concerning social cohesion, the neighbourhood has re-emerged as an important setting for many of the processes which supposedly shape social identity and life-chances. It is in this context of a renewal of interest in local social relations and particularly the deployment of notions of social capital that this paper offers a critical review of a wide-ranging literature. The paper explores initially and brie y the idea that societies face a new crisis of social cohesion and outlines the key dimensions of societal cohesion. The core of the paper is then devoted to an examination of where the contemporary residential neighbourhood ts into these wider debates, particularly in relation to the interaction between social cohesion and social capital. In this context, some of the key debates around the concept of social capital are outlined. In moving beyond abstraction, the paper also shows how social capital can be broken down into relevant domains for policy action at the neighbourhood level and how concepts such as social cohesion and social capital can be operationalised for research purposes.

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام کنید

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

Determining the Structure of Neighbourhood Cohesion: Applying Synthetic Small Area Data in Sydney and Los Angeles

Social cohesion is an important determinant of functioning and healthy communities but its spatial distribution and relation to residential segregation within cities has not been adequately addressed due to the lack of small area data. A disconnect exists between the social capital and segregation literature. This paper presents how neighbourhood cohesion is spatially distributed in Sydney and ...

متن کامل

Neighbourhood social capital: measurement issues and associations with health outcomes.

We compared ecometric neighbourhood scores of social capital (contextual variation) to mean neighbourhood scores (individual and contextual variation), using several health-related outcomes (i.e. self-rated health, weight status and obesity-related behaviours). Data were analysed from 5,900 participants in the European SPOTLIGHT survey. Factor analysis of the 13-item social capital scale reveal...

متن کامل

A Survey on Relationship between Social Capital and Urban Development, Case Study of Ghaemshahr

Essential to development advance in any society, having social support that social capital is one of those and include components:  "social trust", "social cohesion", "social participation", "social consciousness", and "religiosity".                                                       The aim of this research is on relationship between social capital and urban development variable. Statistica...

متن کامل

The Effect of Social Capital on Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in Yazd

The Effect of Social Capital on Teachers’ Job Satisfaction in Yazd   A. Zare’ Shahabadi, Ph.D.[1] B. Eslami [2] M. MahdiPour Khorasani [3]   The present research aimed to investigate the effect of social capital on teachers' job satisfaction in Yazd. The statistical population of the study comprised teachers in Yazd. The sample size was determined to be 271 using Cochran’s formula. Proport...

متن کامل

European Framework for Measuring Progress (E-Frame): Expert Meeting on Social Capital Hunkering down as disruption of community cohesion: Municipal-, neighbourhood- and individual-level effects

In this article Putnam’s claim, that persons in the US living in areas with high concentrations of ethnic minorities hunker down, is investigated in the Netherlands. Hunkering down is conceptualized and operationalized as: avoiding public spaces, refraining from social contacts and evaluating the neighbourhood unfavourably. Using multi-level modelling based on a representative sample of almost ...

متن کامل

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام کنید

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

عنوان ژورنال:

دوره   شماره 

صفحات  -

تاریخ انتشار 2001