An animal model study for bone repair with encapsulated differentiated osteoblasts from adipose-derived stem cells in alginate
Objective(s): Adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) can be engineered to express bone specific markers. The aim of this study is to evaluate repairing tibia in animal model with differentiated osteoblasts from autologous ADSCs in alginate scaffold. Materials and Methods: In this study, 6 canine’s ADSCs were encapsulated in alginate and differentiated into osteoblasts. Alkaline phosphatase assay (ALP) and RT-PCR method were applied to confirm the osteogenic induction. Then, encapsulated differentiated cells (group 1) and cell-free alginate (group 2) implanted in defected part of dog's tibia for 4 and 8 weeks. Regenerated tissues and compressive strength of samples were evaluated by histological and Immunohistochemical (IHC) methods and Tensometer Universal Machine. Results: Our results showed that ADSCs were differentiated into osteoblasts in vitro, and type I collagen and osteocalcin genes expression in differentiated osteoblasts was proved by RT-PCR. In group 2, ossification and thickness of trabecula were low compared to group 1, and in both groups woven bone was observed instead of control group's compact bone. Considering time, we found bone trabeculae regression and ossification reduction after 8 weeks compared with 4 weeks in group 2, but in group 1 bone formation was increased in 8 weeks. Presence of differentiated cells caused significantly more compressive strength in comparison with group 2 (P-value ≤0.05). Conclusion: This research showed that engineering bone from differentiated adipose-derived stem cells, encapsulated in alginate can repair tibia defects.
an animal model study for bone repair with encapsulated differentiated osteoblasts from adipose-derived stem cells in alginate
objective(s): adipose derived stem cells (adscs) can be engineered to express bone specific markers. the aim of this study is to evaluate repairing tibia in animal model with differentiated osteoblasts from autologous adscs in alginate scaffold. materials and methods: in this study, 6 canine’s adscs were encapsulated in alginate and differentiated into osteoblasts. alkaline phosphatase assay (a...متن کامل
bone repair with differentiated osteoblasts from adipose‑derived stem cells in hydroxyapatite/tricalcium phosphate in vivo
background: recently, tissue engineering has developed approaches for repair and restoration of damaged skeletal system based on different scaffolds and cells. this study evaluated the ability of differentiated osteoblasts from adipose‑derived stem cells (adscs) seeded into hydroxyapatite/ tricalcium phosphate (ha‑tcp) to repair bone. methods: in this study, adscs of 6 canines were seeded in ha...متن کامل
Cytotoxicity of Chitosan Derived from Shrimp for Bone Scaffold on Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells
background: the aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of adipose derived stem cells on bone repair in through and through mandibular bone defects of canine. materials and methods: in this prospective comparative study, adipose-derived stem cells were isolated from subcutaneous fat of lateral thoracic area of 4 dogs. the isolated cells were cultured and expanded through 3 passages. the...متن کامل
Differentiation of Adipose-derived Stem Cells into Schwann Cell Phenotype in Comparison with Bone Marrow Stem Cells
Objective(s) Bone marrow is the traditional source of human multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), but adipose tissue appears to be an alternative and more readily available source. In this study, rat adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) were induced to differentiate into Schwann-like cells and compared with rat bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) for their Schwann-like cells differentiation pote...متن کامل
دوره 17 شماره 11
صفحات 854- 859
تاریخ انتشار 2014-11-01
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