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An Efficient Co Finite Element Approach for Bending Analysis of Functionally Graded Ceramic-Metal Skew Shell Panels

نویسندگان

  • A Chakrabarti Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology
  • G Taj Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology

چکیده

In this article, the prominence has been given to study the influence of skew angle on bending response of functionally graded material shell panels under thermo-mechanical environment. Derivation of governing equations is based on the Reddy’s higher-order shear deformation theory and Sander’s kinematic equations. To circumvent the problem of C1 continuity requirement coupled with the finite element implementation, C0 formulation is developed.  A nine noded isoparametric Lagrangian element has been employed to mesh the proposed shell element in the framework of finite element method. Bending response of functionally graded shell under thermal field is accomplished by exploiting temperature dependent properties of the constituents. Arbitrary distribution of the elastic properties follows linear distribution law which is a function of the volume fraction of ingredients. Different combinations of ceramic-metal phases are adopted to perform the numerical part.  Different types of shells (cylindrical, spherical, hyperbolic paraboloid and hypar) and shell geometries are concerned to engender new-fangled results. Last of all, the influence of various parameters such as thickness ratio, boundary condition, volume fraction index and skew angle on the bending response of FGM skew shell is spotlighted. Some new results pertain to functionally graded skew shells are reported for the first time, which may locate milestone in future in the vicinity of functionally graded skew shells.

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