Association between the Melanocortin-4 Receptor (MC4R) Gene Polymorphisms and Growth Trait in Sumba Ongole Cattle
Melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene has been known as a candidate gene for growth traits in livestock. This research was aimed to identify the polymorphism of MC4R gene and its association with growth traits in Sumba Ongole (SO) cattle. The growth traits data consist of body weight and body size. Eighty four blood samples were collected and used for DNA isolation. The results showed one SNP (g.1133C>G) resulting in two alleles (C and G) and three genotypes (CC, CG, and GG) in SO cattle. The frequency of G allele (0.59) was higher than C allele (0.41). The CG genotype had the highest value of genotype frequency (0.48). The allele and genotype distributions followed the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) g.1133C > G revealed having no significant association with growth traits in SO cattle. In conclusion, the SNP g.1133C > G may not useful as selection tool in Sumba Ongole cattle. It can be suggested that the future study is needed to find out the effect of the MC4R gene in Sumba Ongole cattle in different locus.
Novel Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in Intron 2 and Exon 3 Regions of Leptin Gene in Sumba Ongole Cattle
The bovine leptin (LEP) gene was widely used as a candidate gene for molecular selection to improve productivity traits of cattle. This study was carried out to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the LEP gene of Sumba Ongole (SO, Bos indicus) cows using sequencing method. A total of 31 animals were used in this study for analyses. Research showed that total of 16 SNPs w...متن کامل
Association between growth hormone gene polymorphisms and growth traits in Cyprinus carpio from the Caspian Sea
Growth hormone (GH) is the most important hormone that controls somatic cell growth and the syntheses of protein, fat, and carbohydrates. This study was to identify gene polymorphism of GH-1 using PCR- single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) technique and its association with growth traits including condition factor (CF), body weight (BW) and total length (TL) in common carp (Cyprinus ca...متن کامل
Association of the melanocortin-3(MC3R) receptor gene with growth and reproductive traits in Mazandaran indigenous chicken
Melanocortin-3 receptor (MC3R) plays an important role in the central control of energy homeostasis, and several functional polymorphisms of this gene have been detected. We have studied MC3R as a candidate gene responsible for variation in economically important traits in chicken. To determine the association between MC3R polymorphism and phenotypic variation, a total of 190 individuals from b...متن کامل
DNA polymorphisms of the Hu sheep melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene associated with birth weight and 45d-weaning weight
The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) has important roles in regulating food intake, energy balance, and body weight in mammals. In pigs and cattle, MC4R mutations have been identified as genetic markers for growth and traits. Compared with abundant research conducted on other livestock species, little is known about mutations of the ovine MC4R gene. We investigated the affect of MC4R polymorphism...متن کامل
Obesity is a global epidemic that results in significant morbidity and mortality. Mutations in the melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) gene, which codes for a G-protein-coupled receptor responsible for postprandial satiety signaling, have been associated with monogenic obesity. The prevalence of obesity is on the increase in South Africa, and it is hypothesized that mutations in MC4R are a contribut...متن کامل
Rapid communication: linkage and physical mapping of the porcine melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) gene.
Genus and Species. Sus scrofa. Locus. Pig Melanocortin-4 Receptor (MC4R) gene. Source and Description of Primers. Primers were designed from well-conserved sequence regions between the human and rat MC4R genes (Genbank accession no. S77415 and U67863, respectively). The primers were used to amplify approximately 760 bp of the porcine MC4R gene from genomic DNA. The sequence of the PCR product s...متن کامل
دوره 10 شماره 4
صفحات 603- 609
تاریخ انتشار 2020-12-01
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