Built-In Learner Participation Potential of Locally- and Globally-Designed ELT Materials
This study aims at empirically measuring a universal criterion for materials evaluation, i.e., learning opportunities, in a locally- and a globally-designed materials. Adopting the conceptual framework of sociocultural theory and its conceptualization of learning as participation (Donato, 2000), the researchers utilized the methodological power of conversation analysis to examine how opportunities for learner participation and, by extension, learning are created whilst the materials are being used. Thirty teachers’ naturally-occurring classroom interactions, evolving from the two types of materials, was videotaped and transcribed line-by-line to identify the interactional contexts in which learner participation opportunities are embedded. Four interactional contexts affording different levels of learner interactional space were prompted by both types of materials. Examining the distribution of contexts revealed that management-oriented and form-oriented contexts were sustained significantly longer in classes with the locally-designed material. The globally-designed material, however, tended to unfold significantly longer skill-oriented and meaning-oriented contexts suggesting higher levels of built-in learner participation potential. The findings of this study raise materials developers’ awareness, especially in periphery communities, about how materials can either marginalize or empower learners in classroom interaction.
morphology, geochemistry, mineralogy, and micromorphology of soils of hormozgan province in relation to parent materials
ویژگی های زمین شیمیایی، کانی شناسی، و میکرومورفولوژیکی خاک ها و سنگ مادر مربوطه در منطقه بین بخش های جنوبی زاگرس و خلیج فارس تا دریای عمان(استان هرمزگان، ایران) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. هدف های این مطالعه شناسایی تغییرات در خصوصیات فیزیکی، شیمیایی، و ترکیب کانی شناسی خاک، مطالعه میکرومورفولوژی و تکامل خاک، و بررسی توزیع عنصر خاک بر اساس هوازدگی، پروسه های خاک و زمین شناسی جهت توصیف اثرات مواد مادر...15 صفحه اول
the investigation of research articles in applied linguistics: convergence and divergence in iranian elt context
a contrastive study of rhetorical functions of citation in iranian and international elt scopus journals
writing an academic article requires the researchers to provide support for their works by learning how to cite the works of others. various studies regarding the analysis of citation in m.a theses have been done, while little work has been done on comparison of citations among elt scopus journal articles, and so the dearth of research in this area demands for further investigation into citatio...
effectiveness of hedstroum files and rotary k3 instruments in removal of obturation materials during retreatment in curved canals
چکیده ندارد.15 صفحه اول
Comparative Textbook Evaluation: Representation of Learning Objectives in Locally and Internationally Published ELT Textbooks
The present study evaluated the learning objectives represented in the recent Iranian nation-wide ELT textbooks, i.e. Prospect and Vision series, and compared them to those in the internationally-published textbook of Four Corners. To this end, Bloom’s revised taxonomy of learning objectives was utilized as the analytical framework to scrutinize the tasks and exercises of the textbooks using a ...متن کامل
the present study aimed to investigate representation of discourse markers and metadiscourse markers in conversations and readings of general elt coursebook series used in the language centers of iran. to this aim, four elt coursebooks popularly taught in language centers of this country were analyzed based on fung and carter’s (2007) framework regarding discourse markers and hyland’s (2005) fr...
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دوره 35 شماره 3
صفحات 119- 156
تاریخ انتشار 2016-11-21
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