Economic order quantity model for growing items with incremental quantity discounts
Certain inventory items are living organisms, for example livestock, and are therefore capable of growing during the replenishment cycle. These items often serve as various saleable food items downstream in supply chains. The purpose of this paper is to develop a lot sizing model for growing items if the supplier of the items offers incremental quantity discounts. A mathematical model is derived to determine the optimal inventory policy which minimises the total inventory cost in both the owned and rented facilities. A solution procedure for solving the model is developed and illustrated through a numerical example. Sensitivity analysis is performed to demonstrate the response of the order quantity and total costs to some key input parameters. Incremental quantity discounts result in reduced purchasing costs; however, ordering very large quantities has downsides as well. The biggest downsides include the increased holding costs, the risks of running out of storage capacity and item deterioration since the cycle time increases if larger quantities are purchased. Owing to the importance of growing items in the food supply chains, the model presented in this article can be used by procurement and inventory mangers when making purchasing decisions.
A cloudy fuzzy economic order quantity model for imperfect-quality items with allowable proportionate discounts
In the traditional economic order quantity/economic production quantity model, most of the items considered are of perfect type. But this situation rarely takes place in practice. Thus, in this paper, an economic order quantity model with imperfectquality items is developed. 100% screening process is performed, and the items of imperfect quality are sold as a single batch. A proportionate ra...متن کامل
Economic order/production quantity (EOQ/EPQ) models have generally been presented for manufacturing products. Incorporating some important features of a specific category of products, different EOQ/EPQ models have been proposed in literature. This study proposes a new class of inventory models, i.e. a model for a specific type of inventory items: growing items. Poultry and livestock are good ex...متن کامل
Previous studies in the issue of inventory models with imperfect quality assumed the defectives could be sold in a batch by the end of the inspection process and the manufacturing systems were push systems. However, the above assumptions may not be true in the pull system in which buyer is powerful. Therefore, in this paper, we develop a new inventory model for items with imperfect quality and ...متن کامل
An Economic Production Quantity Model for Defective Items with Sales Return Service, Scrap Items and Rework
In this model, we establish an inventory model to determine the optimal inventory replenishment scheme for the economic production quantity (EPQ) model for imperfect, deteriorating items with sales return service under multiple production and rework setup. In one cycle, production process can produces the products in m production setups and reworks the defective items in one rework setup. The c...متن کامل
Revisiting a fuzzy rough economic order quantity model for deteriorating items considering quantity discount and prepayment
This study revisits a fuzzy rough economic order quantity (EOQ) model for deteriorating items considering quantity discount and prepayment. Since the proposedmodel is amixed integer nonlinear programming type, it is solved using Meta heuristic algorithms. Based on three different case examples, we have shown that our results using the Bees Colony Optimization (BCO) algorithm performs better tha...متن کامل
Modeling and Analyzing Incremental Quantity Discounts in Transportation Costs for a Joint Economic Lot Sizing Problem
Joint economic lot sizing (JELS) addresses integrated inventory models in a supply chain. Most of the studies in this field either do not consider the role of the transportation cost in their analysis or consider transportation cost as a fixed part of the ordering costs. In this article, a model is developed to analyze an incremental quantity discount in transportation cost. Appropriate equatio...متن کامل
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دوره 15 شماره 4
تاریخ انتشار 2019-12-01
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