Effects of prenatal exposure to different colors on offsprings mood
Objective(s):There is much evidence indicating that depression is influenced by the levels of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, GABA and adrenaline. The current study we designed to investigate the effect of exposure of pregnant rats to different colors on neurotransmitters level, as indicators of mood disorders in off springs. Materials and Methods:Five groups of pregnant female Wistar rats (eight rats in each group) were enrolled in this study. Dopamine, adrenaline and GABA concentration in sera of rats were measured using ELISA. Results:The colors black and red elevated the GABA levels in serum and CSF while the colors green and blue decreased the GABA levels. The colors black and red also decreased the sera and CSF levels of dopamine compared to the control group. The concentration of adrenaline was increased following exposure to the colors black, red and blue but decreased only following color green exposure. These results showed serious changes in neurotransmitter levels due to exposure to different colors which can be translated as mood and behavior changes. Conclusion:It can be concluded that exposure during pregnancy can lead to postpartum behavioral changes even at adulthood and such changes can be made by colors.
objective(s):there is much evidence indicating that depression is influenced by the levels of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, gaba and adrenaline. the current study we designed to investigate the effect of exposure of pregnant rats to different colors on neurotransmitters level, as indicators of mood disorders in off springs. materials and methods:five groups of pregnant female wistar rats ...متن کامل
This review discusses epidemiology and laboratory studies on the effects of prenatal methylxanthine administration on some systems developing organisms. They are mainly absorbed from coffee, tea and cocoa products such as cola beverages and chocolate bars. Prenatal methylxanthine exposure can induce several unfavourables changes in the developing organism, which are persistent even in later pha...متن کامل
Prenatal exposure to cannabinoids does not produce gross malformations in humans and only does so with any consistency in mice following exposure to relatively high doses and following the intraperitoneal route of administration. Resorption rates are reliably increased in mice but not rats following in utero cannabinoid exposure. There is also a reliable decrease in maternal food and water cons...متن کامل
The purpose of this review of literature is to examine the association of phthalate exposure with development. Phthalates are chemical compounds used in poly-vinyl chloride, PVC; vinyl flooring, cosmetics, shampoo, air fresheners, soft plastic items, intravenous tubing, food packaging and wraps, textiles, paints, cleaning products and detergents. The effects of phthalates on fetuses, newborns, ...متن کامل
QUESTION I am treating a 27-year-old woman who is now in her 10th week of pregnancy. She smokes marijuana two to three times a week, but does not use other drugs. She also smokes 20 cigarettes a day. I am concerned about the effects of marijuana exposure on her baby. ANSWER It is not always possible to isolate the effect of marijuana exposure from other possible confounders on pregnancy outco...متن کامل
دوره 18 شماره 11
صفحات 1086- 1092
تاریخ انتشار 2015-11-01
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