Effects of saline irrigated water on forage quality of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus L.)
Salinity is a major abiotic stress for crop production in many parts of the world. To evaluate the effects of irrigation with saline water on growth parameters and forage quality of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus), a field experiment was conducted using a randomized complete block design with three replications at Isfahan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Iran during 2013-2015. The treatments were four irrigation levels with saline water (4, 8, 12 and 16 dS.m-1). Plant fresh weight (FW), plant dry weight (DW), crude protein (CP), water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF), dry matter digestibility (DMD), total tannins (TT) and ash content were measured in the second year of growth season. The results showed that the maximum fresh weight (51551 kg ha-1) and dry weight (9000 kg ha-1) were obtained at EC=4 dS.m−1. Increasing salinity levels caused a significant reduction in NDF and ADF contents, while ash, CP, DMD and TT contents were increased. The treatments of EC=12 and EC=16 dS.m−1 produced the highest amount of CP (178.3, 185.1 g/kg DM), DMD (613.2, 636.2g/kg DM) and the lowest content of NDF (598, 585.1g/kg DM) and ADF (393, 3778g/kg DM), respectively. The lowest tannin content (28.2g/kg DM) was observed in EC=4 dS.m−1 and there was no significant difference between the treatments of EC=8 and EC=12 dS.m−1. Generally, results showed that although increasing salinity decreased plant yield, it could increase forage quality characteristics.
Effects of water stress on growth parameters and forage quality of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus L.)
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus L. is a herbaceous perennial plant that could be drought tolerant once established after the first year. To evaluate the effects of water stress on growth parametersand forage quality of this plant, a field experiment was conducted using a randomized complete block design with three replications in Isfahan, Iran during 2013-2015. Treatments wer...متن کامل
Effect of Chemical Treatments on the Quality of Fresh-Cut Globe Artichoke (Cynara Scolymus,L.) During Cold Storage
Globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) is a perennial rosette plant grown throughout the world for its large, fleshy heads [1-3]. Most of its culture (about 90%) is concentrated in the countries around the Mediterranean Basin mainly in Italy (50 000 ha), Spain (17000 ha) and France (10 000 ha) . Egypt has the potential to develop an excellent export industry in artichoke. The production areas ...متن کامل
Nutritional And Functional Properties of Cynara Crops (Globe Artichoke and Cardoon) and Their Potential Applications: A Review
Cynara genus, originating from the Mediterranean area, includes globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus L) and cardoon (Cynara cardunculus var. altilis DC). Traditionally these crops have long been used as food and medicine. Nowadays, they are considered as functional foods, owing to their nutritional properties. Artichoke has exhibited hepatoprotective and antioxidative activities, a...متن کامل
effects of soil fertilizing management (organic, integrated and chemical) on forage yield and quality traits of globe artichoke (cynara scolymus)
to study the effect of three soil fertilizing systems (chemical, organic, and integrated) on forage yield and quality of globe artichoke (cynara scolymus) an experiment was conducted using a randomized complete block design (rcbd) of four replications at the research farm of college of agriculture, university of tehran, karaj, iran in 2006. the treatments included 5 levels of chemical fertilize...متن کامل
A study of the effect of dietary fiber fractions obtained from artichoke (Cynara cardunculus L. var. scolymus) on the growth of intestinal bacteria associated with health.
The effect of different fractions enriched in soluble fiber obtained from artichoke using citric acid or citric acid/hemicellulase on the selective growth of Lactobacillus plantarum 8114 and Bifidobacterium bifidum ATCC 11863 was evaluated. Gompertz modeling of Lactobacillus plantarum 8114 growth showed a higher specific growth rate (μ: 0.16 h(-1)) in the presence of fractions isolated from ste...متن کامل
Extensive characterisation of bioactive phenolic constituents from globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) by HPLC-DAD-ESI-QTOF-MS.
The aim of this work was to characterise the phenolic compounds in artichoke (hearts) by using HPLC coupled to DAD-ESI-QTOF-MS, which proved useful in characterising 61 phenolic and other polar compounds. Notably, of the 61 compounds characterised, 34 new phenolic compounds with their isomers have been tentatively characterised in artichoke for the first time, namely: 3 hydroxybenzoic acids, 17...متن کامل
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دوره 39 شماره 1
صفحات 59- 66
تاریخ انتشار 2020-11-01
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