Efficacy evaluation of tribenuron methyl herbicide by using different adjuvants for common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) control
Environmental risks resulting from increasing application of herbicides have raised many concerns about human health and safety of agro ecosystems and environment. Hence, it is very important to find practical and effective methods for reducing the use of pesticides in environment as well as the increasing the efficiency of these compounds. Addition of adjuvants to spray solutions could be considered as one of these methods. Greenhouse studies were conducted using a complete randomized design with a factorial arrangement during 2015-2016 to evaluate the impact of different adjuvants (citogate, canola oil, and castor oil) at concentrations of 0.1 and 0.2 (%v/v) with 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 g a.i. ha-1 of tribenuron methyl herbicide to control common lambsquarters. Results showed that all applied adjuvants enhanced the efficacy of tribenuron methyl in decreasing the biomass of common lambsquarters. Efficacy of this herbicide increased with enhancing its concentrations. The required dose of herbicide to give 50 per cent common lambsquarters control (ED50) for no adjuvant, citogate, castor oil, and canola oil application (0.2 (%v/v)) was 21.24, 11.48, 11.65, and 11.81 g a.i. ha-1, respectively. Totally the application of citogate and canola oil had the highest and the lowest impact on tribenuron methyl performance to control of common lambsquarters respectively. Also, the Relative Potency values were significantly increased when adjuvants were added to this herbicide. The results revealed that the use of citogate and vegetable oils can increase the efficiency tribenuron methyl, and reduce the application rate of this herbicide in agro ecosystems.
effect of soil solarization on common lambsquarters (chenopodium album l.) control in birjand region
to evaluate the effect of soil solarization on common lambsquarters control (chenopodium album l.), an experiment was conducted at the research farm of college of agriculture, university of birjand.the factorial experiment was performed as a randomized complete block design with three factors including the number of clear plastic layers (uncovered as the control, 1-layer and 2 –layer plastic sh...متن کامل
response of corn (zea mays l.) growth characteristics to common lambsquarters (chenopodium album l.) competition
in order to investigate the effects of common lambsquarters (chenopodium album l.) competition on corn (zea mays l.) morphological and physiological characteristics, an experiment was conducted in 2005-2006 at the research station of agricultural faculty, ferdowsi university of mashhad, iran. the experimental design was split plot based on randomized complete block design (rcbd) with three repl...متن کامل
The carry-over effect of sub-lethal herbicides was investigated on the germination of seeds collected from surviving Chenopodium album plants, which had received 1/8, 1/8 twice, 1/8 three times, 1/4, 1/2, 1/1 doses of either pre-emergence ioxynil or post-emergence bentazone in a previous onion (Allium cepa) crop. Seeds were also collected from surviving C. album plants, which had received 1/4, ...متن کامل
Reduction of Nitrate and Nitrite in Lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) Biotypes Resistant and Susceptible to Atrazine Toxicity.
The nitrite-reducing activity of the normal susceptible biotype of lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L.) was strongly inhibited by atrazine in the assay medium, both in the case of the in vivo assays of leaf discs in light, and in vitro photoreduction assays of crude extracts. In vitro assays of crude extracts with methylviologen or ferredoxin supplying the reducing potential were not inhibited ...متن کامل
BACKGROUND A Chenopodium album L. biotype surviving in atrazine-treated Serbian corn fields (VC) was compared against atrazine-susceptible (S) and atrazine-resistant (R) standards. RESULTS Atrazine (2 kg ha(-1)) killed S and VC shoot biomass 15 days after treatment (DAT), but R was only suppressed by 42% and survived 8 kg ha(-1). Atrazine at 2 kg ha(-1) only inhibited VC height by 60% as agai...متن کامل
دوره 8 شماره Issue 1, pp. 1-90.
صفحات 1- 8
تاریخ انتشار 2020-01-01
با دنبال کردن یک ژورنال هنگامی که شماره جدید این ژورنال منتشر می شود به شما از طریق ایمیل اطلاع داده می شود.