Iran`s Intra-Industry Trade Based on a Schumpeterian Factor Endowment Model
The role of intra-industry trade has been emphasized in international commerce since the 1960s. Innovation and government size, which affect goods and services production and government presence in international commerce, have also been highlighted since then. This study examines the influence of these two factors on international trade and estimates their effects in linear and logistic transformation models from the years 2000 to 2016 using HS four-digit codes. This research focuses on 20 main import and export industries of Iran and selected commercial partners. The authors estimate the model using the bidirectional panel data method and analyze the data using Stata 15 software. Results indicate that in both models there is a U-shaped relationship (non-linear) between innovation and intra-industry trade. However, government size increases intra-industry trade in these models. Linder variables decrease intra-industry trade but GDP per capita increases intra-industry trade. Other control variables (geographical distance and membership in economic organizations) show the expected impact on intra-industry trade.
Within the framework of an n-commodity, n-factor, K-country loglinear model with identical Cobb–Douglas production coefficients and identical consumer-expenditure shares across countries, balanced trade, and a pattern of world endowments permitting positive outputs of all commodities in each country, it is shown that, given any mode of aggregating the n commodities into at most n − 1 industrial...متن کامل
the main purpose of this paper is to present methods and recent development in the literature of intra industry trade (iit) measuring. the case study also is carried out for iranian manufacturing industries during time period 1997-2003. for this, iran's foreign trade data was collected, processed, and then used to estimate iit indices with respect to recent literature developments in iit m...متن کامل
The Role of Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) between Iran and Malaysia their Intra industry Trade (IIT)
BACKGROUND Drug costs in Iran accounts for about 30% of the total health care expenditure. Moreover, pharmaceutical business lies among the world's greatest businesses. The aim of this study was to analyze Iran's comparative advantage and intra-industry trade in pharmaceuticals so that suitable policies can be developed and implemented in order to boost Iran's trade in this field. METHODS To ...متن کامل
Among non-oil exports and in trade arena, drug has always been strategic importance and most government especially industrialized countries pay special attention to its production and trade issues. Thus, having a comprehensive view from economic perspective to this section is essential for suggesting intervention. This was a descriptive-analytical and panel study. In this study, gravity model i...متن کامل
دوره 14 شماره 1
صفحات 209- 243
تاریخ انتشار 2021-01-01
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