Molecular Phylogeny of the Genus Lathyrus (Fabaceae-Fabeae) Based on cpDNA matK Sequence in Iran
Background: More than 60 species of the genus Lathyrus are distributed in Southwest Asia. It is the second largest genus of the tribe Fabeae, after Vicia, in the region (and in Iran with 23 species). In the regional Flora (Flora of Turkey, FloraIranicaand flora of Iran), the genus has been divided into 9-10 sections. Here we analyzed the phylogeny of Lathyrus and its relationship with Pisum based on plastid gene matK sequences. Objectives:The present study utilized several approaches including maximum parsimony, Bayesian and maximum likelihood methods to evaluate the monophyly and relationship within the genus Lathyrus, both at the sectional level and species level, mainly based on the taxa growing in Iran. Materials and Methods:A total of 52 accessions, representing 38 species of Lathyrus, three species of Pisum and four species of Vicia and Lens as out-groups, were analyzed for reconstructing the phylogenetic relationship using chloroplast gene matK sequences. Maximum parsimony, Bayesian and maximum likelihood methods were used to construct phylogenetic trees. Results:The present study indicated that Pisum was nested among Lathyrus species. Two members of the Lathyrus section, Clymenum (Lathyrus ochrus and L. Clymenum) with Pisum, formed a weakly supported clade as sister to the larger polytomy comprising the remainder of the Lathyrus species. Several sections of Lathyrus including Lathyrostylis, Lathyrus and Clymenum were monophyletic. Lathyrus roseus (of the monotypic section Orobon) were nested among the members of section Lathyrus. The newly taxon described species L. alamutensis, endemic to Iran, were nested among other species of Lathyrostylis. Linearicarpus, Orobus and Pratensis were not monophyletic sections. Pratensis and the monotypic section Aphaca were the closest taxa. In our analysis, L. Pratensis formed a sister group relationship with the Aphaca clade, not its own section. Conclusions:Shimodaira-Hasegawa (SH) test of the matK dataset showed that all analyzed Lathyrus species formed their own clade and Pisum was sister to them. Furthermore, when we removed the two above-mentioned Lathyrus species, the analysis retrieved Pisum, as a well-supported clade being sister to the Lathyrus calde.
background: more than 60 species of the genus lathyrus are distributed in southwest asia. it is the second largest genus of the tribe fabeae, after vicia, in the region (and in iran with 23 species). in the regional flora (flora of turkey, florairanicaand flora of iran), the genus has been divided into 9-10 sections. here we analyzed the phylogeny of lathyrus and its relationship with pisum bas...متن کامل
Plastid matK gene sequences for 374 genera representing all angiosperm orders and 12 genera of gymnosperms were analyzed using parsimony (MP) and Bayesian inference (BI) approaches. Traditionally, slowly evolving genomic regions have been preferred for deep-level phylogenetic inference in angiosperms. The matK gene evolves approximately three times faster than the widely used plastid genes rbcL...متن کامل
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Phenetic analysis of morphological characters in different species of Onobrychis Miller sect. Hymenobrychis DC. (Fabaceae), classified them in two main groups based on corolla features. To determine the phylogenetic relationships among the 13 species, chloroplast DNA sequences were used. Analysis of these data resulted in a well-resolved and well-supported phylogeny. Phylogenies generated by ma...متن کامل
The genus Astragalus L. (Fabaceae) is reviewed from both phyloenetic and taxonomic points of view. As the largest genus of flowering plants it has attracted many researchers, but much work remains to be done. A short taxonomic history with special focus on infrageneric classification of the genus, a list of phylogenetic studies including the applied markers and sampling strategies as well a...متن کامل
Molecular phylogenetics of Acacia (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) based on the chloroplast MATK coding sequence and flanking TRNK intron spacer regions.
The tribe Acacieae (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) contains two genera, the monotypic African Faidherbia and the pantropical Acacia, which comprise about 1200 species with over 950 confined to Australia. As currently recognized, the genus Acacia is subdivided into three subgenera: subg. Acacia, subg. Aculeiferum, and the predominantly Australian subg. Phyllodineae. Morphological studies have suggested ...متن کامل
دوره 12 شماره 2
صفحات 41- 48
تاریخ انتشار 2014-04-01
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