Optimizing the Performance of Imazethapyr in Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli Beauv) Control by Vegetable Oils Adjuvants


چکیده مقاله:

To study the effects of vegetable oils on the performance of Imazethapyr (a herbicide with a relatively high amount of residue in the soil and environment) in barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli Beauv) control, a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with four replications was conducted in the Research Greenhouse of College of Agriculture, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran in 2016. The treatments consisted of Imazethapyr concentration at six levels (0, 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, and 100 g ai ha-1) and adjuvant at 6 levels (with and without Coconut, Peanut, Turnip, Bitter almond and Castor oils). The results of this study revealed that the concentration of herbicide, the type of adjuvants and the interaction between concentration and adjuvants were significant on all measured traits including height, fresh and dry weight of the shoot and root, root volume and root length. Castor oil and coconut oil showed the highest and lowest potential in improving the efficacy of Imazethapyr. In the presence of vegetable oils, the ED50 values required for the traits of shoot and root fresh weight were decreased significantly compared to the dry weight of the shoot and root. Relative potency values showed that using any of the vegetable oils could reduce the amount of herbicide needed to control the E. crus-galli. Due to the lessened reduction in measured traits in the presence of vegetable oil treatments, using these additives has the potency to reduce the entry of Imazethapyr herbicide to the environment.

برای دانلود باید عضویت طلایی داشته باشید

برای دانلود متن کامل این مقاله و بیش از 32 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

Optimizing the Performance of Clethodim and Haloxyfop-R-Methyl Ester Herbicides on Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli L.) Control by Citogate and Turnip Vegetable Oil

In order to evaluate the potential of citogate and turnip vegetable oil in increasing the performance of barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) control by colthodim and haloxyfop-r-methyl ester herbicides, two greenhouse experiments were carried out in the Research Greenhouse of the Faculty of Agriculture, Birjand, Iran, in 2016; this study was based on a factorial arrangement as a completely r...

متن کامل

Characterization of aryl acylamidase activity from propanil-resistant barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli [L.] Beauv.)

The enzyme, aryl acylamidase, was characterized in propanil-susceptible and propanil-resistant barnyardgrass with respect to kinetic parameters, the effects of inhibitors, and the levels of activity in darkand light-grown tissues. The enzyme reaction in the resistant tissue preparation proceeded linearly with time over a 5 h time course, while activity in the susceptible tissue preparation was ...

متن کامل

Post-Flood Tank-Mix Combinations with Cyhalofop (Clincher) for Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) Control in Rice

Post-flood applications of Clincher controlled tillered barnyardgrass from 65 to 85% when evaluated from 2 to 4 weeks after treatment. Grandstand, 2,4-D amine, and Blazer all caused reduction in control of barnyardgrass when tank-mixed with cyhalofop early after application. Clincher applied alone at 0.28 lb/acre controlled barnyardgrass 96% 8 weeks after treatment. Barnyardgrass control with C...

متن کامل

De novo Assembly and Characterization of the Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) Transcriptome Using Next-Generation Pyrosequencing

BACKGROUND Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) is an important weed that is a menace to rice cultivation and production. Rapid evolution of herbicide resistance in this weed makes it one of the most difficult to manage using herbicides. Since genome-wide sequence data for barnyardgrass is limited, we sequenced the transcriptomes of susceptible and resistant barnyardgrass biotypes using the 4...

متن کامل

Quinclorac Absorption and Translocation Characteristics in Quinclorac- and Propanil-Resistant and -Susceptible Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli ) Biotypes

Studies were initiated to evaluate absorption, translocation, and distribution of C-quinclorac in propaniland quinclorac-resistant (R-BYG) and -susceptible (S-BYG) barnyardgrass. No differential absorption of C-quinclorac was observed between R-BYG and S-BYG, but more C remained in the treated leaf of S-BYG (57% of total absorbed) compared with the R-BYG leaf (34% of total absorbed) at 72 h aft...

متن کامل

Inhibitory Effects of a Variety of Aldehydes on Amaranthus tricolor L. and Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.

Thirty-seven commercial aldehydes containing aliphatic chains and aromatic rings as well as heteroaromatic rings were evaluated for their inhibitory activities against Chinese amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor L.) and barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv). Polysorbate 80 (Tween® 80) was used as a surfactant and the research was preliminarily conducted at 400 μM of all aldehydes. Among t...

متن کامل

منابع من

با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی آسان تر کنید

ذخیره در منابع من قبلا به منابع من ذحیره شده

{@ msg_add @}

عنوان ژورنال

دوره 9  شماره 2

صفحات  187- 199

تاریخ انتشار 2019-08

با دنبال کردن یک ژورنال هنگامی که شماره جدید این ژورنال منتشر می شود به شما از طریق ایمیل اطلاع داده می شود.

کلمات کلیدی

کلمات کلیدی برای این مقاله ارائه نشده است

میزبانی شده توسط پلتفرم ابری doprax.com

copyright © 2015-2023