Removal of Malachite Green dye from aqueous solution using MnFe2O4/Al2O3 Nanophotocatalyst by UV/H2O2 process
Background & Aims of the Study: Malachite Green (MG) is the most commonly used substance for dying cotton, food & pharmacy industries, paper, leather and silk. On inhalation it can cause difficult breathing, while on the direct contact it may cause permanent injury of the eyes of human and animals, burning sensations, nausea, vomiting, profuse sweating, mental confusion and methemoglobinemia; also it can causes cancer in livers. The aim of this study is the removal of Malachite Green (MG) dye from aqueous solutions, using MnFe2O4/Al2O3 nanophotocatalyst by UV/H2O2 process which was used as a low cost method. Materials & Methods: In this research, photocatalytic decomposition of malachite green in water was done by nanocatalyst MnFe2O4/Al2O3 in discontinuous photoreactor under UV light and the injection of H2O2. In order to identify and analyze the provided catalyst, SEM image and XRD diffraction pattern were used. The effect of operational factors in the photocatalytic decomposition of the desired pollutant such as pH, the initial thickness of the dye, the thickness of H2O2 and the quantity of the catalyst were investigated. Results: The finding showed that the right conditions for the elimination of the pollutant included pH equals 4, the initial thickness of the dye being 10 ppm, the thickness of H2O2 being 250ppm, the amount of catalyst being 50mg, the Correlation Coefficient being 0.998 and the dye removal was 94 percent at the end of the experiment. the reaction of Malachite green decomposition was in terms of kinetics investigated through integral method as well; also it showed the kinetic reaction is the first type and the constant speed rate is K=0.047 min-1 . Conclusions: According to the results, because of the complexity of dye structure, biological system was not able to remove the dye as efficient as hybrid system of advanced oxidation processes UV/H2O2 with nanophotocatalyst as an efficient way to remove the Malachite green dye from water solution is obtained that increases the decomposability of organic materials. This way has proved to be able to decompose the hard compounds that are resistant to decomposition.
In order to see the influence of different variable parameters (initial pH of the solution, Fe++ concentration and H2O2 concentration) and the efficiency to remove Malachite Green dye (Basic Green 4) from aqueous solution, Fenton Oxidation method was employed. Then different parameters were studied using known concentration (150 mg/l) and initial COD (256 mg/l) of prepared dye synthetic solutio...متن کامل
Photocatalytic Removal of Malachite Green Dye from Aqueous Solutions Using Halloysite–TiO2 Nanocomposite
Background and purpose: Malachite green is one of the most widely used dyes in various industries, aquaculture, and fungicides. The residues have adverse effects on environmental and human health and should be removed from the effluent before discharging to the environment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficiency of photocatalytic process using halloysite-titanium dioxide n...متن کامل
Introduction: Textile industry effluent is a complex sewage with chemical and color materials that is discharged into the environment and can cause serious problems. In this way using advanced oxidation methods and finding the best methods for removing color materials is necessary. An experimental method was done on Kashan textile industry effluent in laboratory scale and batch system. Materia...متن کامل
The organic dyes directly pollute the soil, water, plants and all living systems in the environment. In the present investigation, adsorption of brilliant green dye on silica from aqueous solution was studied. The dye adsorption mechanism was studied on the basic surface of silica. The adsorption parameters were optimized to maximum adsorption. The adsorption mechanism of brilliant green on sil...متن کامل
Removal and degradation of the fungicide dye malachite green from aqueous solution using the system wheat bran–Fomes sclerodermeus
The triphenylmethane dye malachite green (MG), commonly used as fungicide, was adsorbed onto wheat bran (WB) by using a batch technique. The effects of contact time, dye concentration and pH were investigated. The equilibrium was attained after 40 min of contact time irrespective of MG concentration. The pH of MG aqueous solution greatly influenced the adsorption capacity and intensity, it was ...متن کامل
The feasibility of employing nanofiltration (NF) in the decolorization of ionic (direct blue 86) and nonionic (disperse blue 56) dye aqueous solutions was investigated. The effects of feed concentration (60- 180 mg/l), pressure (0.5- 1.1 MPa) and pH (6- 10) were studied. Experiments were performed in a laboratory- scale set up by using a TFC commercial spiral wound polyamide nanofilter. The res...متن کامل
دوره 5 شماره 2
صفحات 75- 84
تاریخ انتشار 2016-04
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