Trade Liberalization and International Competitiveness in Iran: An Application of Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model
Trade liberalization is often the core attention of foreign economic strategies in developing countries. Findings in the literature confirm a significant effect of free trade on developing economies through which the economic sectors benefit from technology transfer and spillovers and increasing production capacities and input productivity leading to international competitiveness. On the other hand, making a policy or a strategy, without being concerned with its indirect and interacted effects on an economy, is controversial and even misleading. However, it is possible to apply for a CGE model in order to control for these effects through predicting changes in economic indicators.This paper specifies a CGE model to examine the effect of trade liberalization on the Iranian economy. Particularly, the main objective is to focus on the scenarios of tariff reduction/elimination in the economic sectors, to seek for their effects on the countryâs international competitiveness. The Iran's 1996 social accounting matrix is the main data resource for the CGE model estimation that has been done by the GAMS. Overall, the results obtained revealed the fact that trade liberalization was not able to affect significantly international competitiveness of the Iranian sectors at least in the short-run. It implies a continuous support of the trade liberalization strategy in the country should be in effective as a long-run process. JEL Classification: C23, F13
با توجه به تحریم های بین المملی علیه صنعت بیمه ایران امکان استفاده از بازارهای بین المملی بیمه ای برای نفتکش های ایرانی وجود ندارد. از طرفی از آنجایی که یکی از نوآوری های اخیر استفاده از بازارهای مالی به منظور ریسک های فاجعه آمیز می باشد. از اینرو در این پایان نامه سعی شده است با استفاده از این نوآوری ها با طراحی اوراق اختیارات راهی نو جهت بیمه گردن نفت کش های ایرانی ارائه نمود. از آنجایی که بر...
BACKGROUND Computable general equilibrium models are known as a powerful instrument in economic analyses and widely have been used in order to evaluate trade liberalization effects. The purpose of this study was to provide the impacts of trade openness on pharmaceutical industry using CGE model. METHODS Using a computable general equilibrium model in this study, the effects of decrease in tar...متن کامل
computable general equilibrium models are known as a powerful instrument in economic analyses and widely have been used in order to evaluate trade liberalization effects. the purpose of this study was to provide the impacts of trade openness on pharmaceutical industry using cge model.using a computable general equilibrium model in this study, the effects of decrease in tariffs as a symbol of tr...متن کامل
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There are several reasons for using the unification of exchange rate policy, which is usually associated with the devaluation.The extent of these policies' influences on the economy is very extensive, especially when the economy is relying on single-product exports and has high foreign-exchange reserves. These policies affect the demand side of the economy through the exports and imports channe...متن کامل
Investigation and Comparison of the Welfare and Trade Effects of Iran Free Trade Agreement with Turkey, India and Pakistan countries: Computable General Equilibrium Model
Today, preferential and free trade agreements play an effective role in expanding trade in goods and services at the international level and as common practice in business planning and facilitating trade. The purpose of this article is to examine the trade and welfare effects of Iranchr('39')s free trade agreement with Turkey, India and Pakistan. For this purpose, using the Computable General E...متن کامل
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دوره 37 شماره 2
صفحات 101- 116
تاریخ انتشار 2023-02-20
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