as a diagnostic probe for P. syringae pv. tomato. In a survey of 75 plant-associated bacteria, pTPR1 hybridized exclusively to those strains that produced coronatine. The detection limit for this probe, which was labeled with the Chemiprobe nonradioactive reporter system, was approximately 4 x 103 CFU of lesion bacteria. During the 1989 growing season, a total of 258 leaf and fruit lesions from...
Petra M Bleeker,
Paul J Diergaarde,
Michiel T J de Both,
Michel A Haring,
Robert C Schuurink,
Bemisia tabaci (whitefly) infestations and the subsequent transfer of viruses are the cause of severe losses in crop production and horticultural practice. To improve biological control of B. tabaci, we investigated repellent properties of plant-produced semiochemicals. The mix of headspace volatiles, collected from naturally repellent wild tomato accessions, influenced B. tabaci initial choice...
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is a major tomato virus in tropical and subtropical regions. In this study, 134 accessions of Solanum lycopersicum and six accessions of Solanum peruvianum were assessed for resistance to an Iranian isolate of TYLCV. Plants were inoculated using whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) and the reaction of plants was evaluated based on either disease symptoms or viral DN...
High temperature is the prevalent characteristic of subtropical and tropical regions and higher temperature has become an important limiting element for tomato production and yield. Although, tomato crops exhibit anatomical, morphological, physiological, phonological, and molecular responses to tackle with heat stress, but their reproductive stage and yields are extremely influenced by the high...
Growers in Georgia first noted problems in their peppers and onions during the last week of March 1989. Thrips populations combined with further field symptoms and the verification of the disease triggered a massive insecticide spray program in Georgia. Monitor was first used in early May followed by combinations of Orthene, Cygon and Thiodan. Most fields had less than 1% infection prompting a ...
New research integrating genetics, chemistry and psychophysics has led to a model for tomato flavor intensity comprising sugars and acids plus six volatile molecules, providing a blueprint for improving the flavor of what has become an iconic symbol of the declining quality of fresh fruits and vegetables.
Stephen I. Snyder,
James J. Giovannoni,
Jocelyn K. C. Rose,
Lukas A. Mueller,
With the development of new high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies and decreasing costs, large gene expression datasets are being generated at an accelerating rate, but can be complex to visualize. New, more interactive and intuitive tools are needed to visualize the spatiotemporal context of expression data and help elucidate gene function. Using tomato fruit as a model, we have d...
dom’ reached anthesis most rapidly, while plants of ‘Mathilde Gütges’ and ‘Merritt’s Supreme’ were the slowest to f-lower. Table 2 represents days to anthesis and not days to salable color. In general, plants were salable, based on sepal color, ≈10 days before anthesis, so subtracting 10 days from data in Table 2 gives forcing times (from start to sale) for these cultivars when a 62F (17C) mini...
HROMOSOMES with two similar ends have been recognized since the pioneer work of BELLING and BLAKESLEE (1924) on the secondary trisomes of Datura. More recently, the term, isochromosome, has been applied .by DARLINGTON (1939) to those chromosomes which have two identical arms. When found occurring naturally, the isochromosome has usually been shown to consist of inert, or B-type chromosomal mate...