effects of first language on second language writing-a preliminary contrastive rhetoric study of farsi and english

پایان نامه
چکیده

to explore the idea the investingation proposed, aimed at finding whether the performances of the population of iranians students studying english in an efl context are consistent in l1 and l2 writing taks and whether there is a cross-linguistic transfer in this respect. in this regard the subjects were instructed to write four compositions-two in english and two in farsi-which consisted of an argumentative and a narrative task in each language. these compositions were then rated by three readers according to efl composition profile (jacobs, et. al, 1981), as an objective scale in which five components are weighed according to their approximate importance of written composition the statistical package for social sciences (spss) was then used for the process of data analysis. the results confirment that such a correlation exists and is significant the finding also indicated that the differences in performing l1 and l2 writing tasks could not be due to change there was a systematic defference which pointed in the direction of transfer from l1 to l2. however, the results should be interpreted carefully. as hatch and farhadi (1982) put it, when we have a small number of subjects and a small number of observations, we need large differences to produce significant results (p. 132). thus, although the study provided ground for rejecting both hypotheses, the differences between t-observed and t-critical were not very large to make strong claims. the same thing is true for the correlation ceofficient which was only moderately significant in one occasion but highly significant on others.

برای دانلود 15 صفحه اول ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

the impact of training on second language writing assessment: a case of raters’ biasedness

چکیده هدف اول این تحقیق بررسی تأثیر آموزش مصحح بر آموزش گیرندگان براساس پایایی نمره های آنها در پنج بخش شامل محتوا ، سازمان ، لغت ، زبان و مکانیک بود. هدف دوم این بود که بدانیم آیا تفاوتهای بین آموزشی گیرندگان زن و مرد در پایایی نمرات آنها وجود دارد. برای بررسی این موارد ، ما 90 دانشجو در سطح میانه (متوسط) که از طریق تست تعیین سطح شده بودند انتخاب شدند. بعد از آنها خواستیم که درباره دو موضوع ا...

15 صفحه اول

critical period effects in foreign language learning:the influence of maturational state on the acquisition of reading,writing, and grammar in english as a foreign language

since the 1960s the age effects on learning both first and second language have been explored by many linguists and applied linguists (e.g lennerberg, 1967; schachter, 1996; long, 1990) and the existence of critical period for language acquisition was found to be a common ground of all these studies. in spite of some common findings, some issues about the impacts of age on acquiring a second or...

15 صفحه اول

second language acquisition of telicity and aspect by persian learners of english

این تحقیق از دو قسمت اصلی تشکیل شده است: در قسمت اول فراگیری ختمیت به ویژه درک و تولید اینگونه جملات توسط فراگیران ایرانی زبان انگلیسی مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. قضاوت تعدادی انگلیسی زبان بر روی این جملات نیز هدفی دیگر بود که در این رساله بررسی شده است. از موضوعات دیگر تفاوت بین نشانه های ختمیت در زبان انگلیسی و فارسی و تاثیر زبان اول فراگیران در درک و تولید اینگونه جملات است. در قسمت دوم استفا...

15 صفحه اول

a contrastive pragmatic study of gratitude strategies of english and persian speakers

this study investigates the strategies native english and persian speakers employ for expressing gratitude in different situations. the strategies of persian efl learners are also compared with english strategies in order to find the differences that may exist between these two languages. social status and size of imposition of the favor are social variables which are investigated in detail for...

15 صفحه اول

epistemic modality in english and persian academic writing: a cross-linguistic study of genre on the notion of transfer

چکیده حیطه ی نوشتار دانشگاهی اخیرا شاهد تغییرات عمده ای از غیرشخصی بودن (عینی بودن) به شخصی بودن بوده است. شخصی بودن متون دانشگاهی اهمیت استفاده از وجهیت معرفتی را برجسته می سازد چرا که? وجهیت معرفتی? بر اساس یکی از تعاریف ارائه شده از این مقوله? ارتباط تنگاتنگی با شخصی بودن داشته و به عنوان بیان نظر شخصی گوینده در مورد جز گزاره ای گفته در نظر گرفته میشود. بنابراین? با در نظر داشتن نقاط مشترک...

15 صفحه اول

the relationship among efl learners’ autonomy, first language essay writing tasks and second language essay writing tasks in task/content based language instruction

the ability of composing a coherent and extended piece of writing in second language is considered as a fundamental factor to convey information and ideas of learners through the academic issues. although learners may achieve a perfect academic writing skill through assigning the l2 tasks in content based instruction, but demonstration of their abilities may be related to their ability in l1 es...

15 صفحه اول

ذخیره در منابع من


  با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی آسان تر کنید

download first 15 pages

برای دانلود 15 صفحه اول ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

میزبانی شده توسط پلتفرم ابری doprax.com

copyright © 2015-2022