syntactic deviation in hafez poems

پایان نامه

abstract the present study is concerned with the syntactic deviation in hafezs poetry. poems are known to be accompanied with various linguistic deviations. these deviations may be phonological, morphological and/or syntactic. the relatively high frequency of the cases of the syntactic deviation in hafezs poems makes this rhetorical feature as a main characteristic of his poetry. this thesis, therefore, aims at exploring the different syntactic deviations hafez had used in construction of the sentences. in order to achieve this objective, we first review the theoretical background of works, conducted either in west or iran, with regard to the issues of language and speech, linguistic sign, syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations and synchronic and diachronic studies. considering the figures of speech, we then define the notions of literary norm, linguistic gauge, language variations and standard variation. we also take into consideration the six functions of language, i.e., emotive, conative referential, metalinguistic, phatic and literature, introduced by jackubson. examining about 400 verses from divan-e hafez, we found that the deviations hafez made in the syntactic structure of his poems were mostly in the forms of, change, deletion and addition of the sentences constituents. we also concluded that hafez consciously deviated from the normal structure of the sentences. in this way not only did not he violate grammatical rules of persian sentences, but he increased the aesthetic

منابع مشابه

deviation phenomenon in adonis’s poems

the linguistic is studying the language different levels, the language is main topic  that the linguistic sisstu dying it. the linguistics has several branches,the stylistics is one of its branches that survey literary works. and stylistic phenomenon is one of the important phenomen as at linguistic studies and it study poetic language because it’s different from the common language. since the ...

متن کامل

11,13,15 Hafez, part 2

11 Mycoplasmas have affected poultry production for many years and effective control of mycoplasma infection has been a fundamental stepping stone to improved performance and productivity. However, infections appear to be making a comeback. Numerous species of mycoplasmas have been isolated from avian sources. Two species are recognised as predominantly pathogenic to chickens and turkeys. Mycop...

متن کامل

An acoustic-analytic role for the deviation between the scansion and reading of poems

This research aimed 1) to compare the results of scansion with those of an acoustic analysis, 2) to classify the problematic feet of cadence, which is identical to the foot types in casual speech, and 3) to clarify the relation of scansion to acoustic analyses. Additionally, it tried to establish the necessity and clarify what benefits of acoustic analyses will provide readers of poems with pro...

متن کامل

Hafez: an Interactive Poetry Generation System

Hafez is an automatic poetry generation system that integrates a Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) with a Finite State Acceptor (FSA). It generates sonnets given arbitrary topics. Furthermore, Hafez enables users to revise and polish generated poems by adjusting various style configurations. Experiments demonstrate that such “polish” mechanisms consider the user’s intention and lead to a better po...

متن کامل

a comparative study on ambiguity and its uses in the poems of khaghani and hafez

several structures, themes, content and semantic elements of the poems can be described to analyze the poetry of each poet, and the quality of their pristine and pure conditions and their impact on the thought of future poets would be assessed. depending on their artistry and linguistic creativity, khaghani and hafez were the poets who could create their own specific styles by making rhetoric f...

متن کامل

ذخیره در منابع من

  با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی آسان تر کنید

کلمات کلیدی

میزبانی شده توسط پلتفرم ابری

copyright © 2015-2022