Allopregnanolone suppresses diabetes-induced neuropathic pain and motor deficit through inhibition of GABAA receptor down-regulation in the spinal cord of diabetic rats
Objective(s):Painful diabetic neuropathy is associated with hyperexcitability and hyperactivity of spinal cord neurons. However, its underlying pathophysiological mechanisms have not been fully clarified. Induction of excitatory/inhibitory neurotransmission imbalance at the spinal cord seems to account for the abnormal neuronal activity in diabetes. Protective properties of neurosteroids have been demonstrated in numerous cellular and animal models of neurodegeneration. Materials and Methods: Here, the protective effects of allopregnanolone, a neurosteroid were investigated in an in vivo model of diabetic neuropathy. The tail-flick test was used to assess the nociceptive threshold. Diabetes was induced by injection of 50 mg/kg (IP) streptozotocin. Seven weeks after the induction of diabetes, the dorsal half of the lumbar spinal cord was assayed for the expression of γ2 subunit of GABAA receptor using semiquantitative RT-PCR. Results: The data shows that allopregnanolone (5 and 20 mg/kg) markedly ameliorated diabetes-induced thermal hyperalgesia and motor deficit. The weights of diabetic rats that received 5 and 20 mg/kg allopregnanolone did not significantly reduce during the time course of study. Furthermore, this neurosteroid could inhibit GABAA receptor down-regulation induced by diabetes in the rat spinal cord. Conclusion: The data revealed that allopregnanolone has preventive effects against hyperglycemic-induced neuropathic pain and motor deficit which are related to the inhibition of GABAA receptor down-regulation.
allopregnanolone suppresses diabetes-induced neuropathic pain and motor deficit through inhibition of gabaa receptor down-regulation in the spinal cord of diabetic rats
objective(s):painful diabetic neuropathy is associated with hyperexcitability and hyperactivity of spinal cord neurons. however, its underlying pathophysiological mechanisms have not been fully clarified. induction of excitatory/inhibitory neurotransmission imbalance at the spinal cord seems to account for the abnormal neuronal activity in diabetes. protective properties of neurosteroids have b...متن کامل
چکیده اثر عصاره آبی سیر بر درد ناشی از آزمون فرمالین در موش صحرایی نر به کوشش نرگس اسکندری روزبهانی زمینه و هدف: گیاه سیر از خانواده لیلیاسه و گونهallium sativum بومی آسیای میانه بوده و از دوران ،باستان تاکنون به خواص درمانی متفاوت آن مثل: کاهندگی قندخون، کلسترول خون، فشار خون، اثرات مفیدآن بر دستگاه قلبی عروقی و بیماریهای انعقادی خون، اثرات آنتی اکسیداتیو، درمان بیماریهای تنفسی وگوارشی، ا...15 صفحه اول
Introduction: Coenzyme Q10 is a powerful antioxidant that has the ability to reduce the damage caused by oxidative stress and is predominantly found in the inner mitochondrial membrane. This study was conducted to determine the effect of coenzyme Q10 on neuropathic pain in an animal model of spinal cord injury. Methods: In order to induce neuropathic pain, thoracic segments of the spinal cor...متن کامل
Effects of Melatonin and Vitamin E on Peripheral Neuropathic Pain in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Objective(s) Previous studies have indicated that diabetes mellitus might be accompanied by neuropathic pain. Oxidative stress is implicated as a final common pathway in development of diabetic neuropathy. Pharmacological interventions targeted at inhibiting free radical production have shown beneficial effects in diabetic neuropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the po...متن کامل
UNLABELLED Neuropathic pain, often caused by nerve injury, is a major clinical challenge. Mechanisms that underlie neuropathic pain remain elusive and effective medications are limited. Numerous investigations of pain mechanisms have focused on alterations and phenotypic switches of the nociceptive transmitters and modulators, as well as on their receptors and downstream signaling pathways that...متن کامل
دوره 17 شماره 5
صفحات 312- 317
تاریخ انتشار 2014-05-01
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