Biological alterations in renal and hepatic tissues by a novel gold (III) anti-cancerous compound
Objective(s): Newer organo-metallic, specifically gold (III) complexes with multiple ligands are currently being formulated with primary focus of having increased anti-cancerous properties and decreased cytotoxicity. In this study, histological toxicity profile of a newly formulated anti-cancerous gold (III) compound [trans-(±)-1,2-(DACH)2Au]Cl3 Bis(trans-1,2-Diaminocyclohexane) was investigated by evaluation of kidney and liver tissues of treated rats.Materials and Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study. In acute toxicity component of the study, (n = 16) male rats weighing between 200–250 g were administered single, variable concentration of the gold (III) compound, [trans-(±)-1,2-(DACH)2Au]Cl3 Bis(trans-1,2-Diaminocyclohexane) to determine LD50 (dose that is lethal to 50% of rats). An IP injection of 2.3 mg/kg (equivalent to 1/10 of LD50) was injected for 14 consecutive days to (n=10) male rats in the sub-acute component of the study. Autopsy preservation of liver and kidney tissue in buffered formalin, sample processing, histopathological evaluation, and comparison with unremarkable controls (n=5) was conducted sequentially. Results: A dose of 2.3 mg/kg did not produce any tubular necrosis in kidney specimens. Mild interstitial inflammation with prominence of plasma cells was the main histological alteration. Plasmacytic pyelitis was also seen. Varying extents of cytoplasmic vacuolization and mild focal lobular and portal inflammation were predominant hepatic microscopic findings. Conclusion: [trans-(±)-1,2-(DACH)2Au]Cl3 Bis(trans-1,2-Diaminocyclohexane) produced no histological damage in renal and hepatic tissues of rats. This very limited sample animal-based study points to the relative safety of this new gold compound. However, there is a need to compare this compound with established drugs in a comparative non-animal based study.
Objective(s):Several studies have been carried out to investigate the effect of various nanoparticles exposed to radiofrequency (RF) waves on cancerous tissues. In this study, a colon carcinoma tumor model was irradiated by RF in the presence of gold-gold sulfide (GGS) nanoshells. Materials and Methods: Synthesis and characterization of GGS nanoshells were initially performed. CT26 cells were ...متن کامل
The increasing interest in the use of gold salts as chemotherapeutic agents in the treatment of certain diseases (Hartfall, et al., 1937) has made apparent the necessity of an accurate, specific, and sensitive method for the determination of gold in various biological materials. Moreover, the lack of information regarding the metabolism and pharmacology of this element further emphasizes this n...متن کامل
Housekeeping gene variability in normal and cancerous colorectal, pancreatic, esophageal, gastric and hepatic tissues.
Careful normalization is essential for the accurate quantitation of mRNA levels in biopsy-sized tissue samples. Commonly, normalization of the target gene with an endogenous standard, mainly housekeeping genes (HKGs), is applied. However, differences in the expression levels of endogenous reference genes have been reported between different tissues and pathological states. Therefore, we were ch...متن کامل
Both in type 1 (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), the deterioration of glycemic control over time is primarily caused by an inadequate mass and progressive dysfunction of β-cells, leading to the impaired insulin secretion. Thus, the search for agents to protect -cell and enhance its function is important for diabetes treatment. Studies have reported that baicalein, a flavone originally isolated ...متن کامل
Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS) has been used as a traditional herbal medicine for its various biological activities including anti-adipogenic effects. Activity-guided separation led to the identification of the anti-adipogenic functions of butein. Butein, a novel anti-adipogenic compound, robustly suppressed lipid accumulation and inhibited expression of adipogenic markers. Molecular studies sho...متن کامل
Curcumin is a bioactive compound from turmeric which has different biological properties and health benefits such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anticancer activities. However, the low solubility, poor bioavailability, and rapid degradation under neutral or alkaline pH conditions or when exposed to light, limit the food applications of curcumin. These problems can be solv...متن کامل
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دوره 21 شماره 10
صفحات 1064- 1072
تاریخ انتشار 2018-10-01
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