Distributed multi-agent Load Frequency Control for a Large-scale Power System Optimized by Grey Wolf Optimizer
This paper aims to design an optimal distributed multi-agent controller for load frequency control and optimal power flow purposes. The controller parameters are optimized using Grey Wolf Optimization (GWO) algorithm. The designed optimal distributed controller is employed for load frequency control in the IEEE 30-bus test system with six generators. The controller of each generator is considered as one agent. The controllers of agents are implemented in a distributed manner that is control rule of each agent depends on the agents’ own state and the states of their neighbors. Three other types of controllers including centralized controller, decentralized controller, and optimal centralized controller are considered for comparison. The performances of decentralized and distributed controllers are compared with two centralized controllers. In the optimal centralized controller and optimal distributed controller, the objective function is considered to achieve the objective of load frequency control as well as minimize power generation. Simulation results using MATLAB/SIMULINK show that although there is no global information of system in the optimal distributed controller, it has suitably reduced the frequency deviation. Meanwhile the power is optimally generated in the three scenarios of load increasing, load reduction and generator outage.
This work proposes a new meta-heuristic called Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO) inspired by grey wolves (Canis lupus). The GWO algorithm mimics the leadership hierarchy and hunting mechanism of grey wolves in nature. Four types of grey wolves such as alpha, beta, delta, and omega are employed for simulating the leadership hierarchy. In addition, the three main steps of hunting, searching for prey, enc...متن کامل
Bayesian Networks (BN) provides a robust probabilistic method of reasoning under uncertainty. They have been successfully applied in a variety of real-world tasks but they have received little attention in the area of load-frequency control (LFC). In practice, LFC systems use proportional-integral controllers. However since these controllers are designed using a linear model, the nonlinearities...متن کامل
Grey wolf optimizer based regulator design for automatic generation control of interconnected power system
This paper presents an application of grey wolf optimizer (GWO) in order to find the parameters of primary governor loop for successful Automatic Generation Control of two areas’ interconnected power system. Two standard objective functions, Integral Square Error and Integral Time Absolute Error (ITAE), have been employed to carry out this parameter estimation process. Eigenvalues along with dy...متن کامل
An Online Q-learning Based Multi-Agent LFC for a Multi-Area Multi-Source Power System Including Distributed Energy Resources
This paper presents an online two-stage Q-learning based multi-agent (MA) controller for load frequency control (LFC) in an interconnected multi-area multi-source power system integrated with distributed energy resources (DERs). The proposed control strategy consists of two stages. The first stage is employed a PID controller which its parameters are designed using sine cosine optimization (SCO...متن کامل
A New Class of Decentralized Interaction Estimators for Load Frequency Control in Multi-Area Power Systems
Load Frequency Control (LFC) has received considerable attention during last decades. This paper proposes a new method for designing decentralized interaction estimators for interconnected large-scale systems and utilizes it to multi-area power systems. For each local area, a local estimator is designed to estimate the interactions of this area using only the local output measurements. In fact,...متن کامل
This project presents decentralized control scheme for Load-Frequency Control in Multi-area power System. In this era renewable energy is most promising solution to man’s ever increasing energy needs. But the power production by these resources cannot be controlled unlike in thermal plants. A number of optimal control techniques are adopted to implement a reliable stabilising controller. It is ...متن کامل
دوره 5 شماره 2
صفحات 151- 162
تاریخ انتشار 2017-12-01
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