Estimation of Phenotypic and Genetic Parameters of Egg Quality Traits of Azerbaijan Native Hens
The egg quality is one of the most important economic factors for layers that are crucial for hatchability and marketing. Given the low number of egg quality traits records, one of the approaches in estimating phenotypic and genetic parameters is multi trait analysis. The aim of this study was to estimate the phenotypic and genetic parameters of west Azerbaijan native hens egg quality traits by multi-trait analysis. For this purpose, 2000 eggs of 14th and 15th generation of pedigree hens were purchased from west Azerbaijan native fowl breeding station and for measuring egg quality traits were transferred to laboratory. The genetic and phenotypic parameters of egg quality traits were estimated by multi-trait analysis using SAS and WOMBAT softwares. The generation-hatching time and storage duration in refrigerator had significant effect on egg quality traits. The mean of some egg quality traits were: egg weight 55.306 g±3.94, egg shape index 75.192±2.9, egg shell percentage 9.389 %±0.73, albumin percentage 60.160 %±2.49, yolk percentage 30.466%±2.35, yolk index 35.928±3.13 and yolk pH 6.442±0.13. The highest and the lowest coefficient of variance were calculated in air cell height and albumin pH, as 16.947 % and 1.366 %, respectively. The highest positive phenotypic correlation was observed between egg weight and egg volume (0.644), and the lowest one was observed between pH of albumen and yolk weight (0.004). The highest positive genetic correlation was observed between egg weight and egg shell surface area (0.999), the highest negative genetic correlation was observed between albumen percentage and yolk to albumen ratio (-0.994). The lowest positive genetic correlation was estimated between yolk index and yolk weight (0.002) and the lowest negative genetic correlation was evaluated between yolk index and dry matter of yolk (-0.005). The range of estimated heritability of studied egg quality traits were 0.212 (albumen percentage) and 0.015 (pH of albumen). Generally, the results indicated that the egg quality traits of Azarbaijan indigenous hens have relatively high phenotypic and genetic correlation, which in order to decreasing the cost of data recording, the number of recorded traits could be decreased. The heritabilities of egg quality traits were moderate to low that indicated the low progress with direct selection.
estimation of genetic and phenotypic parameters for internal egg quality traits of azerbaijan native chickens
estimation of heritability and genetic and phenotypic correlation between egg quality and body weight traits in native fowls of fars
a total of 2000 records of egg quality of 746 birds and body weight data from 17th generation of fars native fowl breeding station were used to estimate the genetic parameters of egg quality and body weight traits. six univariate animal models with different random effects were fitted for each trait. a model with direct additive genetic and maternal permanent environmental effects was the most ...متن کامل
estimation of parameters and genetic trend of economic traits in native chickens of west azerbaijan province
the data of this study were collected by indigenous chicken breeding centers in the west azerbaijan for 11 generations. the (co) variance components, heritability's, correlations between traits and breeding values were estimated by multi-trait animal model using wombat software. the genetic trends of traits over 11 generations of selection, using average function of breeding values per gen...متن کامل
The main aim of this research was to estimate the genetic and phenotypic parameters for productive and reproductive traits of Esfahan native chickens. Traits included body weights at hatch (BW1), 8 weeks of age (BW8), 12 weeks of age (BW12), and at sexual maturity (WSM)], age at sex maturity (ASM), egg number (EN), average egg weight (AEW) in the first 12 weeks of production, and egg production...متن کامل
effect of seed priming and irrigation regimes on yield,yield components and quality of safflowers cultivars
این مطالعه در سال 1386-87 در آزمایشگاه و مزرعه پژوهشی دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان به منظور تعیین مناسب ترین تیمار بذری و ارزیابی اثر پرایمینگ بر روی سه رقم گلرنگ تحت سه رژیم آبیاری انجام گرفت. برخی از مطالعات اثرات سودمند پرایمینگ بذر را بر روی گیاهان مختلف بررسی کرده اند اما در حال حاضر اطلاعات کمی در مورد خصوصیات مربوط به جوانه زنی، مراحل نموی، عملکرد و خصوصیات کمی و کیفی بذور تیمار شده ژنوتیپ های م...
دوره 11 شماره 30
صفحات 115- 125
تاریخ انتشار 2020-12
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