Optimal Operation of Integrated Energy Systems Considering Demand Response Program
This study presents an optimal framework for the operation of integrated energy systems using demand response programs. The main goal of integrated energy systems is to optimally supply various demands using different energy carriers such as electricity, heating, and cooling. Considering the power market price, this work investigates the effects of multiple energy storage devices and demand response programs, including the time of use pricing, real-time pricing, and integrated demand response on optimal operation of energy hub. Moreover, impacts of different optimization methods are evaluated on the optimal scheduling of multi-carrier energy systems. Maximizing profits of selling electrical energy and minimizing the purchasing cost of input carrier energies are considered as objective functions to indicate bidirectional interchanges of energy hub systems with the power grid. To minimize the generation cost of energy carriers, a new quadratic objective function is also optimized using genetic algorithm. In this study, optimal operation of the energy hub based on the proposed quadratic objective function is an economic dispatch problem where the purchasing electrical power by the energy hub is considered as a load of the upstream grid. The optimization problem is implemented in the sample energy hub to indicate the effectiveness of different energy storage roles and applied demand response programs in the optimal operation of energy hub systems.
Optimal Economic Operation and Battery Sizing for Microgrid Energy Management Systems Considering Demand Response
Microgrids (MGs) contain a diverse mix of energy resources to provide safe and secure power to the consumers. Batteries are utilized in MGs for further energy security assurance as well as cost minimization. In this paper, an efficient approach is introduced for simultaneous energy management and optimal battery sizing to accomplish economic MG operation. Also, demand response programs are empl...متن کامل
Microgrid is a collection of electric loads, distributed generation units and battery storage operating as a controllable load which is able to supply the local loads. Air pollution due to fossil fueled vehicles increase by faculties development. Besides, shortage in fossil fuels increase the trends into electric vehicles. In this paper, optimal stochastic operation problem of microgrid in pres...متن کامل
: In this paper, the operation of a future distribution network is discussed under the assumption of a multi-carrier microgrid (MCMG) concept. The new model considers a modern energy management technique in electricity and natural gas networks based on a novel demand side management (DSM) which the energy tariff for responsive loads are correlated to the energy input of the network and changes ...متن کامل
Optimal emergency demand response program integrated with multi-objective dynamic economic emission dispatch problem
Nowadays, demand response programs (DRPs) play an important role in price reduction and reliability improvement. In this paper, an optimal integrated model for the emergency demand response program (EDRP) and dynamic economic emission dispatch (DEED) problem has been developed. Customer’s behavior is modeled based on the price elasticity matrix (PEM) by which the level of DRP is determined for ...متن کامل
Optimal Energy Procurement of Smart Large Consumers Incorporating Parking Lot, Renewable Energy Sources and Demand Response Program
Large commercial and industrial loads known as large energy consumers are always seeking to reduce their energy costs and consequently they are utilizing renewable and non-renewable energy sources in procurement of their required energy. Use of renewable energy sources (RESs) and plug-in electric vehicles (PHEVs) parking lot without proper planning will make technical and economic problems for ...متن کامل
Optimization of Operation of Microgrid by Thermal Demand Response Considering Enhancement of Consumers’ Thermal Comfort
In recent years, multi-energy microgrids including electricity, gas and thermal are more grown; that presents demand response (DR) models considering multi-energy storages and renewable resources. Appropriate DR management with storages may lead to optimal flexibility. In this paper, a probabilistic linear model is introduced to assess the effect of flexibility and DR. In the proposed model, el...متن کامل
دوره 9 شماره 1
صفحات 60- 67
تاریخ انتشار 2021-04-01
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