Productivity Improvement through Line Balancing by Using Simulation Modeling
The typical problems facing garment manufacturers are long production lead time, bottlenecking, and low productivity. The most critical phase of garment manufacturing is the sewing phase, as it generally involves a number of operations or for the simple reason that it’s labor intensive. In assembly line balancing, allocation of jobs to machines is based on the objective of minimizing the workflow among the operators, reducing the throughput time as well as the work in progress and thus increasing the productivity. Sharing a job of work between several people is called division of labor. Division of labor should be balanced equally by ensuring the time spent at each station approximately the same. Each individual step in the assembly of product has to be analyzed carefully, and allocated to stations in a balanced way over the available workstations. Each operator then carries out operations properly and the work flow is synchronized. In a detailed work flow, synchronized line includes short distances between stations, low volume of work in process, precise of planning of production times, and predictable production quantity. This study deals with modeling of assembly line balancing by combining both manual line balancing techniques with computer simulation to find the optimal solution in the sewing line of Almeda textile plc so as to improve productivity. In this research arena software, is employed to model and measure the performance of the existing and proposed sewing line of the federal police trousers sewing line model. For each operation, the researchers have taken 15 sampling observations using stopwatch and recorded the result. All the collected data are statistically analyzed with arena input analyzer for statistical significance and determination of expressions to be used to the simulation modeling; SAM is also calculated for these operations to be used to the manual line balancing. An existing systems simulation model is developed and run for 160 replications by the researchers to measure the current performance of the system in terms of resource utilization, WIP, and waiting time. The existing systems average utilization is 0.53 with a line efficiency of 42%. This study has developed a new Sewing assembly line model which has increased the system utilization to 0.69 at a line efficiency of 58.42% without incurring additional cost.
Productivity Improvement of BOB T-shirt through Line Balancing Using Control Limit analysis and discrete event simulation (Case study: - MAA Garment and Textile Factory)
This study deals with line balancing of BOB T-shirt model with the help of control limit analysis and discrete event simulation of the assembly lines. In this study control limit analysis is used to measure the performance of the assembly line and used to show the bottleneck operations of the assembly line and line balancing technique improves the productivity of the sewing line of the model. ...متن کامل
i Table of Content iii List of Figures and Tables v Chapterمتن کامل
In this paper, we propose a hierarchical optimization technique of the PCB assembly line including multi-head non-identical surface mounting machines. The optimization problem related to the PCB assembly line is generally divided into three sub-problems: a line balancing problem, a reel assignment problem and a pick-and-place sequencing problem. Since each problem is known to be combinatorial a...متن کامل
Assembly Line production is one of the widely used basic principles in production system. The problem of Assembly Line Balancing deals with the distribution of activities among the workstations so that there will be maximum utilization of human resources and facilities without disturbing the work sequence. Research works reported in the literature mainly deals with minimization of idle time i.e...متن کامل
MURALI S. SHANKER, REMA PADMAN and W. DAVID KELTON Department of Management and Information Systems, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242, USA E-mail: [email protected] H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA E-mail: [email protected] Department of Quantitative Analysis and Operations Management, College of Business A...متن کامل
بیمه گران همیشه بابت خسارات بیمه نامه های تحت پوشش خود نگران بوده و روش هایی را جستجو می کنند که بتوانند داده های خسارات گذشته را با هدف اتخاذ یک تصمیم بهینه مدل بندی نمایند. در این پژوهش توزیع های فیزتایپ در مدل بندی داده های خسارات معرفی شده که شامل استنباط آماری مربوطه و استفاده از الگوریتم em در برآورد پارامترهای توزیع است. در پایان امکان استفاده از این توزیع در مدل بندی داده های گروه بندی ...
دوره 13 شماره 1
صفحات 153- 165
تاریخ انتشار 2020-03-01
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