Reproductive enhancement in buffalo: looking at urinary pheromones and hormones


  • G. Archunan Pheromone Technology Lab, Department of Animal Science, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli-620024, Tamilnadu, India
چکیده مقاله:

The success of conception in buffalo is greatly dependent on precise estrus detection and time of artificial insemination (AI). Various visual, behavioral, biochemical and gyneco-clinical parameters have been tracked closely and a cost-effective combinatorial model has been developed to detect estrus in buffaloes. Pheromones play pivotal roles in reproduction and behavior of mammals. Urine, an easily available biological material which reflects the internal status of an animal, was recruited for profiling the pheromone compounds during the various phases of estrous cycle using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Among the identified compounds, 4-methyl phenol (4-mp, p-Cresol) and 9-octadecenoic acid (Oleic acid) were found to be estrus-specific and would be promising estrus-indicators. Similarly, detection of luteinizing hormone (LH) in urine was also focused to predict the time of ovulation in buffaloes. Partial success has been obtained in the attempt to develop a cost-effective bioassay kit for estrus detection. The ongoing venture of the relevant research team is to develop a biosensor to identify estrus-specific pheromone compounds in urine. Development of a nanoparticle-based bioassay kit for detection of urinary LH for effective prediction of estrus or ovulation is also in progress.

برای دانلود باید عضویت طلایی داشته باشید

برای دانلود متن کامل این مقاله و بیش از 32 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

Thermal signatures of human pheromones in sexual and reproductive behaviour

Chemically mediated sexual communication in humans has been largely neglected due to its non-conscious and relatively concealed nature. However, menstrual cycle synchronisation, puberty onset in young pre-pubertal girls exposed to their stepfather, and consanguinity avoidance suggest a function in the physiological regulation of sexual and reproductive behaviour in humans. These phenomena are r...

متن کامل

Urinary Bisphenol A Levels in Young Men: Association with Reproductive Hormones and Semen Quality

BACKGROUND Few human studies have examined bisphenol A (BPA) exposure in relation to semen quality and reproductive hormones in men, and results are divergent. OBJECTIVES We examined associations between urinary BPA concentration and reproductive hormones, as well as semen quality, in young men from the general population. METHODS Our study population consisted of 308 young men from the gen...

متن کامل

Changes in Reproductive Hormones Secretion Involved in Quantum Dots-induced Reproductive Toxicity in Adult Male Mice

Background and Aims: Quantum dots (QDs), as colloidal nanocrystalline semiconductors, present QD wavelengths in terms of biomedical assays and imaging, though the high toxicity of their core demands to be taken into consideration. Investigating this subject is taken into account as an important concept   concerning use of these nanoparticles in the medical applications. Materials a...

متن کامل

Reproductive hormones and sleep apnea

OBJECTIVES : Decreased libido and a decline in morning serum testosterone levels were reported in men with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Our study aimed to evaluate the pituitary-gonadal axis in middle age men with OSA before and after treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). MATERIAL AND METHODS : Measurement of the nocturnal serum luteinizing hormone (LH) and testoste...

متن کامل

Sex Pheromones and Reproductive Isolation in Five Mirid Species

Mate location in many mirid bugs (Heteroptera: Miridae) is mediated by female-released sex pheromones. To elucidate the potential role of the pheromones in prezygotic reproductive isolation between sympatric species, we investigated differences in the pheromone systems of five mirid species, Apolygus lucorum, Apolygus spinolae, Orthops campestris, Stenotus rubrovittatus and Taylorilygus apicali...

متن کامل

منابع من

با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی آسان تر کنید

ذخیره در منابع من قبلا به منابع من ذحیره شده

{@ msg_add @}

عنوان ژورنال

دوره 21  شماره 3

صفحات  163- 171

تاریخ انتشار 2020-09-20

با دنبال کردن یک ژورنال هنگامی که شماره جدید این ژورنال منتشر می شود به شما از طریق ایمیل اطلاع داده می شود.

کلمات کلیدی

میزبانی شده توسط پلتفرم ابری

copyright © 2015-2023