Sustainable Surface Water Management and Wastewater Treatment Plant Location: A Case Study of Urmia Lake
The conservation of lakes is an essential issue in sustainable development. Disruption of ecological balance, destruction of biodiversity and vegetation, desertification, and storm surges are the results of lakes drying. The purpose of this paper is to introduce an integrated bi-objective sustainable water resource management model. The first objective function deals with economically optimal allocation of water to the residential, industrial, and agricultural sectors. For compliance with the requirements of sustainable development, the second objective is to maximize the amount of water allocated to the environment. For proper utilization and reuse of water resources, the location of urban wastewater treatment plants is also considered in the problem. The model is solved with data from the most important watershed in Iran, Urmia Lake. Natural and unnatural factors have dramatically reduced the amount of water intake and balance over the past two decades. The epsilon constraint is used for solving the case study model. The results show that the model can satisfy the demand of sectors, with 70 percent of the available resources. The use of this model can meet the demands of the consumer sectors, and also, it can help revitalize Urmia Lake and the ecosystem of the river in its basin.
Changes in Water Quality Parameters in Different Processes of Surface Water Treatment Plant (Case study: Tehranpars Water Treatment Plant)
Background and purpose: Water treatment is of great importance in human life, due to the contamination of water resources. Therefore, continuous evaluation of the performance of water treatment plants is necessary to minimize contamination within the treatment plant in order to create optimal conditions. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional descriptive analytic study was performed in Te...متن کامل
game theoretic insights for sustainable common poll water resources governance (case study: lake urmia water conflict)
introduction common pool water resources (cpwrs) face overuse and congestion due to increased competition for the non-excludability and subtractability nature of their use. in the cpwrs conflicts, beneficiaries base their actions on individual rationality which negatively affect all users eventually due to the lack of trust between them, their self-optimizing tendencies, and inadequate informat...متن کامل
This article has no abstract.متن کامل
Effect of operating parameters on the performance of wastewater treatment plant (Case study: The south of Tehran wastewater treatment)
Despite the fact that there are wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) currently operational across Iran and great advances have been made in this area, there are still problems in the design, construction, and operation of WWTPs with large nonlinear systems, varying flow rates, and pollution charges. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of operating parameters including the r...متن کامل
In this study, the energy consumption of Nasirabad Industrial Park (NIP) treatment plant was evaluated. A combination of up-flow anaerobic baffled reactor (UABR) and aerobic integrated fixed-bed activated sludge (IFAS) processes were employed in NIP. To find out the average electrical energy use per m3 influent wastewater, the rate of energy usage of the plant was calculated by data ...متن کامل
Amand L. and Carlsson B. (2012), "Optimal areation control in a nitrifying activated sludge process" J Wtaer Research. 46(7), 2101-2110. Chae K. and J. Kang (2013), "Estimating the Independence of Munciple Wastewater Treatment Plant Incorporating Green Energy Resource". Energy Conservation and Managment. No. 75, pp. 664-672. Goldstein R. and W. Smith (2002), "Water & Sustainability (volume 4)...متن کامل
دوره 33 شماره 4
صفحات 621- 630
تاریخ انتشار 2020-04-01
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