The Study of temperature depression and its association with grain yield in six wheat cultivars under heat stress conditions and salicylic acid application

نویسندگان

  • Abbas Bonari دانشگاه شیراز/دانشکده کشاورزی
چکیده

In order to evaluate canopy and organs temperature depression (TD) under heat stress conditions and the effects of plant morphology on organs temperature depression and their association with grain yield, two field experiments were conducted using six wheat cultivars (Behrang, Chamran, Kauz, Koohdasht, Karim and Montana) planted on three dates (early, optimum, late) in 2014-2015 and 2015 -2016 cropping seasons in Dashtestan, Bushehr, Iran. In addition, three concentrations of salicylic acid (0, 0.5 and 1 mM) were applied to alleviate the effects of heat stress.  Canopy and organs (flag leaf, peduncle and spike) temperature were measured by a hand-held infra-red thermometer (IRT). Also, some morphological traits in addition to yield components were measured. Results showed that the effects of cultivars and heat conditions were significant for most of the studied traits but salicylic acid application showed no significant effects. Under late sowing date, canopy and organs temperature depression were significantly higher than those at early and optimum sowing dates. No significant differences were found between early and optimum sowing dates for all temperature depressions. Among cultivars, Behrang had higher canopy temperature reduction (CTD), flag leaf temperature depression (FLTD) and peduncle temperature depression (PTD). Spike temperature depression (STD) was higher in Chamran and Kauz cultivars. Among plant organs, peduncle had higher temperature depression followed by flag leaf and spike. Canopy and organs temperature depression had positive correlation with stomatal conductance and grain yield. This research suggests that temperature depression can be used as an important criterion for the selection of stable genotypes under late sowing conditions. This is very helpful to improve wheat productivity under terminal heat stress resulting from late sowing conditions.

برای دانلود باید عضویت طلایی داشته باشید

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 23 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

the study of aaag repeat polymorphism in promoter of errg gene and its association with the risk of breast cancer in isfahan region

چکیده: سرطان پستان دومین عامل مرگ مرتبط با سرطان در خانم ها است. از آنجا که سرطان پستان یک تومور وابسته به هورمون است، می تواند توسط وضعیت هورمون های استروئیدی شامل استروژن و پروژسترون تنظیم شود. استروژن نقش مهمی در توسعه و پیشرفت سرطان پستان ایفا می کند و تاثیر خود را روی بیان ژن های هدف از طریق گیرنده های استروژن اعمال می کند. اما گروه دیگری از گیرنده های هسته ای به نام گیرنده های مرتبط به ا...

15 صفحه اول

Yield Components and Grain Yield Responses of Four Wheat Cultivars to Growth Retardant Cycocel under Terminal Drought Stress Conditions

This research was carried out to study the grain yield, yield components and NDVI (normalized difference vegetation index) responses of four wheat cultivars to growth retardant cycocel under terminal drought stress conditions. The experiment was laid out as a split split plot with three replicates at the experimental farm of the School of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran in 2016-201...

متن کامل

effect of seed priming and irrigation regimes on yield,yield components and quality of safflowers cultivars

این مطالعه در سال 1386-87 در آزمایشگاه و مزرعه پژوهشی دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان به منظور تعیین مناسب ترین تیمار بذری و ارزیابی اثر پرایمینگ بر روی سه رقم گلرنگ تحت سه رژیم آبیاری انجام گرفت. برخی از مطالعات اثرات سودمند پرایمینگ بذر را بر روی گیاهان مختلف بررسی کرده اند اما در حال حاضر اطلاعات کمی در مورد خصوصیات مربوط به جوانه زنی، مراحل نموی، عملکرد و خصوصیات کمی و کیفی بذور تیمار شده ژنوتیپ های م...

Genome-wide association for grain yield under rainfed conditions in historical wheat cultivars from Pakistan

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were undertaken to identify SNP markers associated with yield and yield-related traits in 123 Pakistani historical wheat cultivars evaluated during 2011-2014 seasons under rainfed field conditions. The population was genotyped by using high-density Illumina iSelect 90K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assay, and finally 14,960 high quality SNPs were us...

متن کامل

Effect of the timing of nitrogen fertilizer application on grain yield and quality of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars under terminal drought stress conditions

To investigate the effect of  the timing of nitrogen fertilizer application on grain yield and quality of bread wheat cultivars under terminal drought stress conditions, two field experiments were conducted at Agricultural Research Station of Miandoab in West Azerbaijan, Iran, in 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 cropping seasons. Experimental treatments were arranged as split plot factorial in randomiz...

متن کامل

ذخیره در منابع من

ذخیره در منابع من قبلا به منابع من ذحیره شده

{@ msg_add @}

  با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی آسان تر کنید

دانلود متن کامل

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 23 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید


عنوان ژورنال:

دوره 39  شماره 1

صفحات  99- 108

تاریخ انتشار 2020-11-01

با دنبال کردن یک ژورنال هنگامی که شماره جدید این ژورنال منتشر می شود به شما از طریق ایمیل اطلاع داده می شود.

میزبانی شده توسط پلتفرم ابری doprax.com

copyright © 2015-2022