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نتایج جستجو برای consciousness

تعداد نتایج: 20325  
2014
Rajakishore Nath,

The problem of consciousness is one of the most important problems in science as well as in philosophy. There are different philosophers and different scientists who define it and explain it differently. As far as our knowledge of consciousness is concerned, ‘consciousness’ does not admit of a definition in terms of genus and differentia or necessary and sufficient condition. In this paper I sh...

2007
Uriah Kriegel,

What is the relation between consciousness and self-consciousness? In recent philosophy of mind, we are accustomed to underlining their independence. It is often emphasized that a person can be conscious of a host of objects, features, and states of affairs unrelated to her. When a person is conscious of the sky, or consciously experiences the blueness of the sky, she is not attending to hersel...

2003
Mark H. Bickhard,

An interactive process model of the nature of representation intrinsically accounts for multiple emergent properties of consciousness, such as being a contentful experiential flow, from a situated and embodied point of view. A crucial characteristic of this model is that content is an internally related property of interactive process, rather than an externally related property as in all other ...

Journal: :Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2016
Shelley Anne Adamo,

Barron and Klein (1) define consciousness very narrowly, excluding most of the attributes commonly associated with it (e.g., self-awareness). By limiting the definition to a form of information processing, they find that insects qualify. However, just to put this conclusion in perspective, by the same definition, some robots are also conscious and capable of subjective experience. Autonomous, s...

2006
Uriah Kriegel,

The purpose of this chapter is twofold. The primary purpose is to revisit Ned Block’s distinction between phenomenal consciousness and access consciousness. The secondary purpose is to examine key case studies from consciousness research in the cognitive sciences. Block has argued that what he calls phenomenal consciousness and access consciousness are completely independent phenomena, and that...

Journal: :Daedalus 2015
Terrence J Sejnowski,

No one did more to draw neuroscientists' attention to the problem of consciousness in the twentieth century than Francis Crick, who may be better known as the co-discoverer (with James Watson) of the structure of DNA. Crick focused his research on visual awareness and based his analysis on the progress made over the last fifty years in uncovering the neural mechanisms underlying visual percepti...

Journal: :Annual review of neuroscience 2000
J R Searle,

Until recently, most neuroscientists did not regard consciousness as a suitable topic for scientific investigation. This reluctance was based on certain philosophical mistakes, primarily the mistake of supposing that the subjectivity of consciousness made it beyond the reach of an objective science. Once we see that consciousness is a biological phenomenon like any other, then it can be investi...

Journal: :L'Encephale 1994
R Houdart,

"Consciousness" is the feeling that each individual has of his own existence (self-awareness) and also the state which permits him to perceive his environment (consciousness and wakefulness). These two types of consciousness, apparently quite different, are in fact the two converging stems of the perceptions that the nervous system provides to the organism. To explain this better, it is necessa...

ژورنال: پژوهش های فلسفی 2018

The crucial problem of self-consciousness is how to account for knowing self-reference without launching into a regress or without presupposing self-consciousness rather than accounting for it (circle). In the literature we find two bottom-up proposals for solving the traditional problem: the postulation of nonconceptual forms of self-consciousness and the postulation of a pre-reflexive form of...

Journal: :Current opinion in neurology 2015
Nathan Faivre, Roy Salomon, Olaf Blanke,

PURPOSE OF REVIEW In recent years, consciousness has become a central topic in cognitive neuroscience. This review focuses on the relation between bodily self-consciousness - the feeling of being a subject in a body - and visual consciousness - the subjective experience associated with the perception of visual signals. RECENT FINDINGS Findings from clinical and experimental work have shown th...