passivity in waiting for godot and endgame: a psychoanalytic reading
this study intends to investigate samuel beckett’s waiting for godot and endgame under the lacanian psychoanalysis. it begins by explaining the most important concepts of lacanian psychoanalysis. the beckettian characters are studied regarding their state of unconscious, and not the state of consciousness as is common in most beckett studies. according to lacan, language plays the sole role in creating the subject and his unconscious. beckett’s writing is marked with his exploitation of language with its strength and failure. language, in form of speech, gives beckett’s characters the illusion that it produces meaning for them, that it stands as a symmetry in their infinite world of nothingness and helps them to cover over their anxieties by deferring the object of desire they are after. a great part of lacan’s psychoanalysis deals with the idea of subject’s identification through the imaginary and symbolic orders. his theory of drives and their repetitive cycle around the object of desire, and also the desire of human beings for recognition and the dialectic of master and slave are contiguous with the idea of desiring and waiting for godot. in the same context, lacan introduces jouissance as sought for in the functioning of the drives. most important is his concept of the jouissance of the other through which the subject looks for a once-and-for-all satisfaction of his desire. lacan translates this search as a desire for the lost thing, the primordial desire for the mother; since in his view the desires remain unsatisfied he sees every drive toward jouissance a death drive. this study intends to draw parallels between these concepts and the ideas of silence, death, desire of godot, and passivity in beckett’s two dramas.
this thesis is based upon the works of samuel beckett. one of the greatest writers of contemporary literature. here, i have tried to focus on one of the main themes in becketts works: the search for the real "me" or the real self, which is not only a problem to be solved for beckett man but also for each of us. i have tried to show becketts techniques in approaching this unattainable goal, base...15 صفحه اول
twentieth century french theatre has strongly been affected by world wars i and ii, obviously resulting in a change of existing dramatic principles. samuel beckett well known innovator in the field of the avant-garde, probed the theatre with a naked form and far from conventional regulations and dramatic arrangements. beckett's theatre is known as the beginning of the new method in writing...متن کامل
This study addresses Samuel Beckett’s most celebrated play, Waiting for Godot, in an effort to analyze its characters from a novel perspective. Since Greek mythology has been undisputedly influential on Western culture and literature, the researcher attempts to investigate a connection between Greek mythology and the play. This study aims to reveal that even after more than fifty seven years of...متن کامل
K inetoplastid protozoa include the parasites Trypanosoma brucei, Trypanosoma cruzi, and various species of Leishmania that are responsible for African trypanosomiasis, Chagas’ disease, and leishmaniasis, devastating diseases that aff lict millions of victims largely in the tropical regions of the globe. In addition to eliciting long-standing interest from medical microbiologists, these intrigu...متن کامل
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