the relationship among reflective thinking, listening anxiety and listening comprehension of iranian efl learners: does proficiency make a difference?

نویسندگان

hassan soodmand afshar

raouf hamzavi

چکیده

as the main part of a large-scale project, the present study investigated the relationship among reflective thinking, listening anxiety, and listening comprehension of iranian efl learners with regard to their proficiency level. to this end, 223 (106 intermediate and 117 advanced) adult male and female iranian efl learners from a private language institute took part in the study by completing the reflective thinking questionnaire (rtq) developed by kember et al., (2000), the foreign language listening anxiety scale (fllas) developed by kim (2000) and a listening comprehension test selected from the listening part of ielts. using factor analysis and chronbach’s alpha, the questionnaires were revalidated and their reliability was re-estimated.  the results of pearson product moment correlations indicated there was a statistically significant: (a) positive association between reflective thinking and listening comprehension, (b) reverse correlation between listening anxiety and listening comprehension, and (c) reverse relationship between reflective thinking and listening anxiety of iranian efl learners. furthermore, the results of multiple regression analysis indicated listening anxiety, compared to reflective thinking, was a significantly stronger predictor of listening comprehension. additionally, the results of manova revealed there was a significant difference between intermediate and advanced efl learners with respect to their reflective thinking and listening anxiety. in the light of the findings of the study, foreign language education policy makers in general and efl teachers in particular are thus recommended to introduce ways to enhance reflective thinking of the students and decrease their listening anxiety if they are to improve  their listening comprehension. the results and implications of the study are discussed in more detail in the paper.

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The Relationship among Reflective Thinking, Listening Anxiety and Listening Comprehension of Iranian EFL Learners: Does Proficiency make a Difference?

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عنوان ژورنال:
issues in language teaching

ناشر allameh tabataba’i university

ISSN 2322-3715

دوره 3

شماره 2 2014

میزبانی شده توسط پلتفرم ابری doprax.com

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