Immunogenicity evaluation of rBoNT/E nanovaccine after mucosal administration


  • Abbas Hajizade Biology Research Centre, Basic Science Faculty, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran
  • Firouz Ebrahimi Biology Research Centre, Basic Science Faculty, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran
  • Shahram Nazarian Biology Research Centre, Basic Science Faculty, Imam Hossein University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده مقاله:

Objective(s): The Botulism syndrome is caused by types A to G of botulinum neurotoxins. The binding domains of these neurotoxins are immunogenic and considered as appropriate candidate vaccines. Due to the low immunogenicity of recombinant vaccines, there have been many studies on the use of biocompatible carriers such as chitosan nanoparticles for the delivery of these vaccines. The aim of this study was evaluating the efficiency of chitosan nanoparticles as carriers for a candidate vaccine, binding domain of BoNT/E, through oral and intranasal routes.Materials and Methods: Chitosan nanoparticles containing rBoNT/E binding domain, were synthesized via ionic gelation. After administration of the nanoparticles to mice through oral and intranasal routes, antibody titers were assessed by ELISA and, finally, all groups were challenged by active botulinum neurotoxin type E.Results: The groups that received nanoparticles containing the antigen, through oral and intranasal routes, and the group that received the bare antigen orally, were able to tolerate 5×102 folds of MLD. The intranasally immunized mice by the bare antigen were able to tolerate 2×103 folds of the toxin’s MLD. Conclusion: It seems that the use of chitosan nanoparticles has no significant effect on the protective immunization of the mice against botulinum BoNT/E in either route (P>0.05), even intranasal administration of the bare antigen gives better mice immunization against the toxin.

برای دانلود باید عضویت طلایی داشته باشید

برای دانلود متن کامل این مقاله و بیش از 32 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

The Evaluation of Deferasirox on Hematological Parameters after Lead Administration

Background: Metals such as iron, zinc, and copper are critical and necessary for the survival of all living organisms, whereas xenobiotic metals such as lead, cadmium, mercury, and arsenic have no known biologic role. Any metals in high doses can have toxic effects. The aim of this work was to evaluate the hematological changes induced by lead as a toxic metal and characterize the potential eff...

متن کامل

Nanovaccine for leishmaniasis: preparation of chitosan nanoparticles containing Leishmania superoxide dismutase and evaluation of its immunogenicity in BALB/c mice

BACKGROUND Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease, affecting 12 million people in different regions of the world with a wide spectrum of diseases. Although several chemotherapeutic agents have been used for treating the disease, long-term therapy, limited efficacy and the development of drug-resistant parasites remain the major limitations. METHODS To develop a new nanovaccine for leishmaniasis...

متن کامل

Immunogenicity of a Trivalent Human Papillomavirus L1 DNA-Encapsidated, Non-Replicable Baculovirus Nanovaccine

Previously, we developed a non-replicating recombinant baculovirus coated with human endogenous retrovirus envelope protein (AcHERV) for enhanced cellular delivery of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16L1 DNA. Here, we report the immunogenicity of an AcHERV-based multivalent HPV nanovaccine in which the L1 segments of HPV 16, 18, and 58 genes were inserted into a single baculovirus genome of AcHERV. ...

متن کامل

Immunogenicity of the nanovaccine containing intimin recombinant protein in the BALB/c mice

Purpose Escherichia coli O157:H7 is one of the most important pathogens which create hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic uremic syndrome in human. It is one of the most prevalent causes of diarrhea leading to death of many people every year. The first diagnosed gene in the locus of enterocyte effacement pathogenicity island is eae gene. The product of this gene is a binding protein called intimin...

متن کامل

Immunogenicity of Outer Membrane Proteins VirB9-1 and VirB9-2, a Novel Nanovaccine against Anaplasma marginale

Anaplasma marginale is the most prevalent tick-borne livestock pathogen and poses a significant threat to cattle industry. In contrast to currently available live blood-derived vaccines against A. marginale, alternative safer and better-defined subunit vaccines will be of great significance. Two proteins (VirB9-1 and VirB9-2) from the Type IV secretion system of A. marginale have been shown to ...

متن کامل

Evaluation of cyclosporine A eye penetration after administration of liposomal or conventional forms in animal model

A lot of researches have investigated the effects of topical cyclosporine A on the eye surface layers’ diseases. By now the main limitation in cyclosporine application is the low permeation of the drug into the posterior segments of the eye. The aim of present study was to formulate high permeable dosage form can be beneficial in the topical treatment of the uveitis. To reach higher corneal dru...

متن کامل

منابع من

با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی آسان تر کنید

ذخیره در منابع من قبلا به منابع من ذحیره شده

{@ msg_add @}

عنوان ژورنال

دوره 22  شماره 4

صفحات  353- 359

تاریخ انتشار 2019-04-01

با دنبال کردن یک ژورنال هنگامی که شماره جدید این ژورنال منتشر می شود به شما از طریق ایمیل اطلاع داده می شود.

میزبانی شده توسط پلتفرم ابری

copyright © 2015-2023