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Hossein Hosseinzadeh

Pharmaceutical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran|Department of Pharmacodynamics and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

[ 1 ] - Memory enhancement and protective effects of crocin against D-galactose aging model in the hippocampus of Wistar rats

Objective(s): The neurodegeneration and loss of memory function are common consequences of aging. Medicinal plants have potent protective effects against chronic neurodegenerative diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the beneficial effects and molecular mechanisms of crocin on brain function in D-galactose (D-gal)-induced aging model in rats. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rat...

[ 2 ] - Protective effect of thymoquinone, the active constituent of Nigella sativa fixed oil, against ethanol toxicity in rats

Objective(s): Long term consumption of ethanol may induce damage to many organs. Ethanol induces its noxious effects through reactive oxygen species production, and lipid peroxidation and apoptosis induction in different tissues and cell types. Previous experiments have indicated the antioxidant characteristics of thymoquinone, the active constituent of Nigella sativa fixed oil, against biologi...

[ 3 ] - Toxicology effects of Berberis vulgaris (barberry) and its active constituent, berberine: a review

Berberis vulgaris and berberine, its main component, traditionally have been used for treatment of various disorders. The pharmacological properties of them have been investigated using different in vivo and in vitro models. In spite of beneficial effects of B. vulgaris on different cell lines, there are documents have revealed negative impacts of it on animal and human. In this regards, the de...

[ 4 ] - Berberis vulgaris and its constituent berberine as antidotes and protective agents against natural or chemical toxicities

Berberis vulgaris L (B. vulgaris) and its main constituent berberine have been used in traditional medicine for a long time. This medicinal plant and berberine have many properties that have attracted the attention of researchers over the time. According to several studies, B. vulgaris and berberine exhibited anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticonvulsant, antidepressant, anti-Alzheimer, anti-c...

[ 5 ] - A review of the effects of Berberis vulgaris and its major component, berberine, in metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome (MetS), characterized by a cluster of metabolic abnormalities including hypertension, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and dyslipidemia, is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF). Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents a massive healthcare burden worldwide. In recent years, with regard to the adverse effects of synthetic drugs, increasing attention has been p...

[ 6 ] - Berberine attenuates convulsing behavior and extracellular glutamate and aspartate changes in 4-aminopyridine treated rats

Objective(s): K+ channel blocker 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) stimulates the release of glutamate from nerve terminals and induces seizures. Berberine as a potential herbal drug exerts several pharmacological actions on the central nervous system including anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, and neuroprotective properties. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of berberine on seizure onset and ti...

[ 7 ] - Berberine protects against glutamate-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in PC12 and N2a cells

Objective(s): Neurodegenerative diseases have been associated with glutamatergic dysfunction. Berberine, an isoquinoline alkaloid broadly present in different medicinal herbs, has been reported to have neuroprotective effect. In the present study, the effects of berberine against glutamate-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis were investigated. Materials and Methods: The cultured PC12 and N2a...

[ 8 ] - Pharmacological effects of a synthetic quinoline, a hybrid of tomoxiprole and naproxen, against acute pain and inflammation in mice: a behavioral and docking study

Objective(s): In the present study, we investigated the potential anti-nociceptive activity and acute anti-inflammatory effect of a synthetic quinoline compound (2-(4-Methoxyphenyl)benzo[h]quinoline-4-carboxylic acid, QC), possessing structural elements of both naproxen and tomoxiprole drugs. Materials and Methods: The anti-nociceptive activity of QC was evaluated using chemical- and thermal-in...

[ 9 ] - Toxicology effects of saffron and its constituents: a review

Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) has been considered as a medicinal plant since ancient times and also widely used as food additive for its color, taste and odor. The pharmacological properties of saffron and its main constituents, crocin and safranal have been evaluated using different in vivo and in vitro models. Additionally, other lines of studies have found toxicological effects of saffron.  Ho...

[ 10 ] - Cinnamon effects on metabolic syndrome: a review based on its mechanisms

Objective(s): Nowadays, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the major risk factors of death globally. One of the most undeniable reasons of CVDs is metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS is defined as a complex of diseases including insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, obesity, high blood pressure and dyslipidemia. The use of complementary medicine such as traditional herbal species can be effective in t...

[ 11 ] - Crocin prevents haloperidol-induced orofacial dyskinesia: possible an antioxidant mechanism

Objective(s):Long-term treatment with antipsychotics causes serious side effects such as tardive dyskinesia that characterized by abnormal movements in the orofacial region. Oxidative stress in the brain specific area is implicated in the pathophysiology of tardive dyskinesia. In this study the protective effect of crocin on haloperidol-induced orofacial dyskinesia was evaluated. Materials and ...

[ 12 ] - Recognition and characterization of Erythropoietin binding-proteins in the brain of mice

Objective(s): Erythropoietin (EPO), is a 34KDa glycoprotein hormone, which belongs to type 1 cytokine superfamily. EPO involves in erythrocyte maturation through inhibition of apoptosis in erythroid cells. Besides its main function, protective effects of EPO in heart and brain tissues have been reported. EPO has a critical role in development, growth, and homeostasis of brain. Furthermore EPO h...