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Marjan Razavi

Targeted Drug Delivery Research Center, Department of Pharmacodynamy and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

[ 1 ] - Anti-anxiety and hypnotic effects of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Lippia citriodora leaves and verbascoside in mice

Objectives: The extract of Lippia citriodora and its main component, verbascoside, are known for their hypnotic effects in traditional medicine. In this study, the anxiolytic and hypnotic effects of L. citriodora leave extracts and verbascoside were evaluated in mice. Materials and Methods: Animals were divided into 11 groups of six mice each. Group I received normal saline, Group II received ...

[ 2 ] - Effect of linalool on the acquisition and reinstatement of morphine-induced conditioned place preference in mice

Objective: The effect of linalool, a terpene alcohol found in many plants, which inhibits NMDA receptors, on the acquisition and reinstatement of morphine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) was evaluated in mice.Material and Methods: The effects of different doses of linalool (12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg, i.p.), memantine (20 mg/kg, an NMDA receptor antagonist) and saline, in CPP induced by 4...

[ 3 ] - Anticonvulsant effect of Satureja hortensis L. aerial parts extracts in mice

Objective: Regarding the anticonvulsant effects of Satureja hortensis (S. hortensis) in Avicenna’s book: canon of medicine; the present study was undertaken to evaluate the anti- eplileptic effects of S. hortensis aqueous and ethanolic aerial part extracts. Furthermore, the mechanisms of their anticonvulsant activities were also evaluated. Materials and Methods: Seizure was induced by Pentylen...

[ 4 ] - Recognition and characterization of Erythropoietin binding-proteins in the brain of mice

Objective(s): Erythropoietin (EPO), is a 34KDa glycoprotein hormone, which belongs to type 1 cytokine superfamily. EPO involves in erythrocyte maturation through inhibition of apoptosis in erythroid cells. Besides its main function, protective effects of EPO in heart and brain tissues have been reported. EPO has a critical role in development, growth, and homeostasis of brain. Furthermore EPO h...

[ 5 ] - Involvement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on malathion induced depressive-like behavior in subacute exposure and protective effects of crocin

Objective(s): In this study the effect of crocin, a carotenoid isolated from saffron, on malathion (an organophosphate insecticide) induced depressive- like behavior in subacute exposure was investigated. Moreover the molecular mechanism of malathion induced depressive- like behavior and its decreasing effect on the level of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in rat hippocampus and cerebr...

[ 6 ] - Crocin Restores Hypotensive Effect of Subchronic Administration of Diazinon in Rats

Objective(s): In this study, the effects of crocin against subchronic toxicity of diazinon (DZN) on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and heart rate (HR) were evaluated in rats. Materials and Methods: Rats were equally divided into 7 groups; control (corn oil), DZN (15 mg/kg), crocin (each group received 12.5, 25 or 50 mg/kg crocin plus DZN), vitamin E (200 IU/kg plus DZN) and crocin (50 mg/kg) tre...

[ 7 ] - Saffron (Crocus sativus) petal as a new pharmacological target: a review

Saffron petal is the main by-product of saffron processing which produced at high level but it is not applied and thrown out. Saffron petal is containing of several compounds such as mineral agents, anthocyanins, flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloids and kaempferol. As saffron petal is cheaper and produces in large amounts compared to saffron stigma, so, it can be considered as an appropriate sourc...

[ 8 ] - Effect of safranal, a constituent of saffron, on olanzapine (an atypical antipsychotic) induced metabolic disorders in rat

Objective(s): Olanzapine, an atypical antipsychotic, causes weight gain and metabolic disorders in humans. Safranal, one of the active components of Crocus sativus (saffron), has been shown to have anti-obesity, lipid and blood pressure lowering and anti-diabetes effects. In this investigation, the effect of safranal on metabolic disorders induced by olanzapine was stu...

[ 9 ] - Effect of crocin, an active saffron constituent, on ethanol toxicity in the rat: histopathological and biochemical studies

Objective(s): The drinking of ethanol causes the wide range of clinical illness and morphological changes including hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. In the current study, the protective properties of crocin versus oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation induced by ethanol were assessed. Materials and Methods: The male Wistar rats ...

[ 10 ] - Looking for immortality: Review of phytotherapy for stem cell senescence

Objective(s): In this paper, we discussed natural agents with protective effects against stem cell senescence. Different complications have been observed due to stem cell senescence and the most important of them is “Aging”. Senescent cells have not normal function and their secretary inflammatory factors induce chronic inflammation in body which causes different patho...

[ 11 ] - Evaluation of possible effects of crocin against nitrate tolerance and endothelial dysfunction

Objective(s): One of the most important problems of taking nitroglycerin is the nitrate tolerance phenomenon and endothelial dysfunction. Oxidative stress is a high-emphasized one of tolerance mechanisms. The possible effect of crocin, one of the anti-oxidant ingredients of saffron, on the nitrate tolerance model was investigated.Materials and Methods: I...

[ 12 ] - An overview of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists for the treatment of metabolic syndrome: A drug repositioning

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a clustering of several cardiovascular risk factors that include: obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension and high blood glucose, and often requires multidrug pharmacological interventions. The management of MetS therefore requires high healthcare cost, and can result in poor drug treatment compliance. Hence drug therapies that have pleiotropic beneficial effects may be...

[ 13 ] - Effects of alpha-mangostin on memory senescence induced by high glucose in human umbilical vein endothelial cells

Objective(s): Hyperglycemia induces cellular senescence in various body cells, such as vascular endothelial cells. Since the vessels are highly distributed in the body and nourish all tissues, vascular damages cause diabetes complications such as kidney failure and visual impairment. Alpha-mangostin is a xanthone found in mangosteen fruit with protective effects in met...