role of cultural iran in promotion of multilaieralism in central asia and caucasus

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چکیده

cultural iran is a scope that is more extended than the political territories of iran as a political unit. this concept means that cultural geography(mehdi moghanlo-1383-1) of iran is greater than its political geography which, according to history, has a long history extending west-east from kandahar to the euphrates and north-south from the persian gulf to the caucasus including transoxiana and also covers sub-continent(hossein goudarzi-1387-14). cultural iran is a mosaic of ethnicities, religions and different languages, which have formed, based on the inherent diversity and still it exists. cultural iran hasn’t been created around specific identity of sex, language, ethnicity and religion, rather it can be considered culture-centered identity(nasser takmel homayoon-1386 - 23) but this multi-cultural diversity or cultural diversity, that exists in cultural iran between various beliefs, ethnicities and languages today, can be a suitable potential for affinity among nations, ethnicities and religions to solve their conflicts and also increase their economic, cultural, political and social ties. in present situation, the increasing globalization, regional multilateral and economic and political integration has led to the importance of cultural multilateral and convergence alongside or even prior than political and economic issues. meanwhile in central asia and the caucasus, cultural iran’s elements and components are so much present and influential which is notable in different spheres such as language, religion, ethnicity, custom, art, music and architecture and other forms of shared cultural symbols throughout this area and even beyond.(ali ashraf nazari- 1388 - 22) these shared cultural components can play effective role in strengthening bilateral and multilateral ties among various nations of the region. it is noticeable that although cultural elements have shared an important role in regional and international ties, but sometimes these elements are overshadowed by political and economic factors and some limitations are created in the way of cultural and civilization pole. cultural iran is not an exception to this rule; thus in order to become a cultural pole faces, on one hand, significant opportunities and on the other, serious constraints. this study tries to understand these opportunities and constraints in order to create cultural pole in cultural iran‘s scope.

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