Modeling the Network of Municipal Solid Waste Separation Factors using Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping: A Case Study in Tehran
Municipal solid waste management is a major challenge, especially in metropolises. This research focuses on a non-technical issue in municipal solid waste management named municipal solid waste separation at the source and seeks to find the best policy in terms of model results. Source separation for recycling has been recognized as a way to achieve sustainable municipal solid waste (MSW) management. The research questions are what factors affect municipal solid waste separation at the source, what are the relationships between them, and which is the best policy to increase municipal solid waste separation at the source. In this research delphi analysis and fuzzy cognitive mapping are used. After identifying 29 factors affecting the waste separation at the source and adjusting them to 9 factors according to the experts' opinions, due to direct causal relationships between the factors and their analysis with the fuzzy cognitive mapping, the factors network affecting the generation of waste were designed. By delphi analysis and expert gathering, three policies were applied to increase waste separation at the source. After analyzing each of the policies, the percentage of change in waste separation was calculated using fuzzy cognitive mapping and the most favorable policy, respectively, was the second policy (Emphasis on culturing), the first policy (Emphasis on encouragement and fines) and, ultimately, The third policy (Emphasis on physical infrastructure) was identified.
BACKGROUND Solid Waste Management (SWM) in metropolises with systematic methods and following environmental issues, is one of the most important subjects in the area of urban management. In this regard, it is regarded as a legal entity so that its activities are not overshadowed by other urban activities. In this paper, a linear mathematical programming model has been designed for integrated SW...متن کامل
در این پژوهش به بررسی اثر افزایش ترافیک بر روی تعداد تصادفات پرداخته شده است. به این منظور 30 تقاطع در شهر تهران بطور تصادفی انتخاب گردید و تعداد تصادفات ماهیانه در این تقاطعات در طول سالهای 89-90 از سازمان کنترل ترافیک شهر تهران استخراج گردید و با استفاده از مدل داده های تابلویی و نرم افزار eviews مدل خطی و درجه دوم تخمین زده شد و در نهایت این نتیجه حاصل شد که تقاطعات پر ترافیک تر تعداد تصادفا...15 صفحه اول
Due to increasing solid waste generation and their significant impacts on human health, environmental assessment of the management and disposal methods become more and more important. There are various disposal methods which are the combinations that originate from a wide range of solid waste management systems. In this study, municipal waste of Tehran (which totals to 7507.5 tons/day) is asses...متن کامل
data envelopment analysis (dea) is a powerful tool for measuring relative efficiency of organizational units referred to as decision making units (dmus). in most cases dmus have network structures with internal linking activities. traditional dea models, however, consider dmus as black boxes with no regard to their linking activities and therefore do not provide decision makers with the reasons...
today, scouring is one of the important topics in the river and coastal engineering so that the most destruction in the bridges is occurred due to this phenomenon. whereas the bridges are assumed as the most important connecting structures in the communications roads in the country and their importance is doubled while floodwater, thus exact design and maintenance thereof is very crucial. f...
abstract nowadays, the science of decision making has been paid to more attention due to the complexity of the problems of suppliers selection. as known, one of the efficient tools in economic and human resources development is the extension of communication networks in developing countries. so, the proper selection of suppliers of tc equipments is of concern very much. in this study, a ...15 صفحه اول
دوره 3 شماره 4
صفحات 323- 334
تاریخ انتشار 2019-11-01
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